Spring fever is a form of allergic rhinitis. It is also called hay fever or pollen allergy. Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Çiğdem Kalaycık Ertugay talked about ways to avoid spring cold. associate Dr Ertugay, who argues that spring fever is caused by pollen, said: “The body perceives pollens that appear in the spring and appear in the air, basically harmless, as hazardous substances and reacts to them. These pollens, which are called allergens , stick to the inner surface of the nose and initiate a non-inflammatory reaction and cause complaints. It can also adhere to the inside of the eye and cause conjunctivitis-like complaints. Assoc. Dr. Ertugay summed up as follows: ” The most basic complaints are itching in the nose, watery runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion. In addition, complaints such as itching in the throat and palate, itching in the ears, breathing through the mouth and frequent waking up, itching of the eyes and redness, swelling of the skin under the eyes “Some patients may have difficulty concentrating, especially on the work or at school. Learning performance can also decrease.”
VIRAL INFECTIONS AND GLOBAL WARMING…
associate Dr Ertugay said that while spring fever was historically known to be most common in the 18-25 age group, it has been seen in patients over the age of 30-40 who have no allergic disease in their clinical history due to environmental factors such as the global warming, viral infections and the use of masks in recent years. Assoc states that the symptoms of spring fever and the symptoms of the common cold are quite similar. Dr Ertugay said, “The main difference between these two illnesses is the duration of the illness. Common cold usually clears up in a short time like 1 week. Spring fever lasts for 2-4 months during the whole pollen season. In spring fever, the runny nose is usually transparent and “Although abundant, it is darker in cold. There are also complaints such as high fever, general body aches and weakness with a cold. With spring fever, complaints can occur as intermittent crises.”
SURELY DIAGNOSED BY ALLERGY TEST
ASSOC. Dr Ertugay pointed out that the final diagnosis is made with allergy testing, Ertugay said: “The skin puncture test, which is easy, fast and economical, and blood tests, which are more expensive, are also used in diagnosis. However, it is very important that the patient is not taking any allergy medication at the time of these tests, as this may affect test results. Assoc Dr. Ertugay also said that the first step in spring fever treatment is to remove the person from the substance causing the allergy. however, is very difficult in pollen allergy, so precautions should be taken to protect against pollen allergy. The goal here is not to destroy the disease. “It is to reduce the patient’s complaints. It is not recommended for the patient to start self-medication and try self-medication without consulting the doctor,” he said.
BOTH DISEASES CAN BE SEEN AT THE SAME TIME
Noting that SPRING flu and a cold can be experienced at the same time, Assoc. Dr Ertugay said, “Both the diseases can be seen together. In such a case, as both diseases cause swelling in the nasal mucosa, symptoms such as post nasal drip, tickly cough, headache and facial pain can be seen in the patient due to the development of sinusitis in the next stage. These patients are referred to an otolaryngologist. He said: “Early treatment should be started by making a diagnosis with a detailed examination and tests if necessary.”
CAN REPENT WITH ASTHMA
associate It is recommended that patients with spring fever be examined in both the ENT department and the allergy immunology department.