Angry. Dr. Seda Günhar gave information about common diseases in children during the summer months.
Hand-foot-mouth disease is resistant to chlorination
Infections caused by enteroviruses are higher in summer. foot and mouth disease, an enterovirus infection; It can be transmitted through the sick person’s sneezing and coughing, secretions, close contact with the skin where the lesions are, and swallowing infected pool water. With this disease, children may have blisters in their mouth, hands, and feet, or they may simply have lesions called herpangina in their mouth. This virus is resistant to chlorine. Despite pool chlorination, swallowing pool water poses a risk for this disease. There is no treatment or vaccine to cure the disease. Anti-itch lotions and sprays for sore throats can be used. In addition, antipyretics and painkillers for sore throat can be recommended by the doctor-specialist.
Temperature and humidity increase the risk of urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections are one of the most common infections in children, especially girls. The higher the temperature and humidity, the higher the risk of urinary tract infection (UTI). Especially sunbathing with wet swimwear and wet bikini is one of the causes of urinary tract infections. urinary tract infection; It may cause burning and pain when urinating, frequent urge to urinate, feeling unable to stop urinating, bleeding in the urine, cloudy urine, heavy or foul-smelling urine, groin and/or back pain, and fever. Even one of these symptoms could indicate a urinary tract infection.
Children are much more prone to ear infections than adults.
5 out of 6 children have at least one ear infection before they are three years old. Many summer activities can damage hearing health. Swimming and diving in salt or fresh water, air travel, exposure to loud noises and music, or watching fireworks are just some of them. This season of the year can be the riskiest for the ears. For this reason, extra care should be taken to avoid ear infections, especially in the youngest members of the family, who are more prone to such health problems.
In hot weather, food can spoil quickly.
Another major cause of infections and illness during the summer months is food poisoning or foodborne illness. Food poisoning is relatively common during the summer months, when cooking and picnicking is more common, as bacteria multiply in hot, humid environments. food poisoning; This can be avoided by regularly washing vegetables, fruits, hands and cooking surfaces, avoiding cross-contamination of food and utensils, and cooking food at the correct temperature.
Children playing in gardens and parks should be thoroughly supervised.
ticks and mosquitoes; It can cause infectious diseases such as Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, Lyme disease, West Nile fever and malaria. If a tick bite is detected in a child, it is necessary to remove the tick immediately. Hot application or burning the tick should not be applied to the area where the tick is located. It should be noted here that the removal of the tick is done by the health personnel, so when the tick is detected on the child’s body, it is necessary to contact the health center as soon as possible.
When removing the tick, it should be crushed, not exploded, and chemicals such as alcohol or cologne should not be applied to the tick. With insect bites, it is very important to clean the bitten area with soap and water. Controlled cold application with a clean cloth helps reduce redness and itching that may occur in the bite area.