Sunstroke can cause unconsciousness

Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine Head of Dermatology and Venereal Diseases Prof. dr. Dr. Dilek Bayramgürler warned citizens about the hot weather that will take effect across the country. Emphasizing that the risk of sunburn is higher in some people, Prof.Dr. Bayramgürler said: “An excess of sun, which is an important part of our lives and has very important tasks for us humans, has many important side effects on skin health. The sun’s rays have a negative effect on our skin cells, which are our first contact with the outside world. It directly damages the DNA of our skin cells, and of course this damage has both long and short term consequences. As you know, sunburn can occur after short-term sun exposure. The risk of sunburn is especially at risk in people with red hair, blond hair, colored eyes, prone to freckles and fair skin. These people are at risk for sunburn, but even so, wheat-skinned or dark-skinned people can naturally be exposed to sunburn if they stay in the sun for a long time,” he said.


Explaining what to do when exposed to sunburn, Prof. Dr. Bayramgürler said: “When sunburn occurs, there is a redness on our skin with a burning, stinging sensation and pain, and swelling occurs, which we call edema in the tissue to call. In that case, we recommend dressing the area with wet bandages, i.e. compresses with cold water. Again, showering with hot or cold water is good for people. Moisturizing and soothing the skin with creams with moisturizing properties will also relieve patients and people. At more advanced levels, it may be appropriate to use some creams, which we call anti-inflammatory treatments, under a doctor’s supervision. Of course, if the sunburn is more severe, second-degree burns can occur this time, resulting in blisters. In such cases it would be very healthy to have the treatment of the patient arranged by a doctor, but we can say that if there are blisters, we recommend not to explode them. It can be emptied into a sterile environment so that the inside remains sterile, but we recommend not detonating it. Again, there could be applications like applying toothpaste, yogurt, tomato paste over sunburn, which we hear a lot from the public. We certainly do not recommend this one. Because the chemicals in these substances can cause allergic reactions on our skin, or sometimes they can accumulate on the skin and form residues, and then lead to the reproduction of various microorganisms in that area.


On the symptoms and treatment methods of heatstroke, Prof. Dr. Bayramgürler continued his statements as follows:

“There is another picture that can emerge if you stay in the sun for a long time in extreme temperatures, as they are today. This is what we call ‘sunstroke’ or ‘sunstroke’. This condition is caused by an excessive increase in body temperature and at the same time a loss of fluid and salt in the body. If such a picture develops, if initially mild, patients may feel exhausted and sluggish, but it may lead to more advanced palpitations, frequent breathing, nausea, vomiting, headache, blurred consciousness, confusion and even loss of consciousness. This image can lead to life-threatening situations. In this case, patients should be kept in a cool environment, if possible in an air-conditioned environment, and their body temperature lowered as soon as possible. Hot or cold showers are again recommended for this. Again, dressings are recommended. We recommend dressing with cold water, especially for the folds, armpits and groin. Of course, in more advanced cases, patients may require advanced medical treatment in the hospital to replenish lost fluids, but we can advise them to consume plenty of fluids.


Claiming that the most important thing to do is to protect from the sun, Prof Dr Bayramgürler said: “The simple way to do this is that we are not directly in the sun between 11am and 4pm, when the sun’s rays are perpendicular to our world, during the hours when the sun is at its busiest. But of course that is not always possible. What can we do in such situations? If then we must be outside, we should still try to shade ourselves so that a shadow falls on us between these hours, that is, under a tree or under an umbrella. Apart from that, of course, we can protect ourselves with clothing. We should prefer loose clothing with long sleeves, long legs, knitted tightly, but not tight or clingy to our body. The topic of color is often asked ‘What colors do we prefer?’ proverb. Dark-colored clothing actually protects better against the sun. It does not let the sun’s rays through to our skin, but because it absorbs the light, it raises the temperature. Therefore, it will be much better for people to wear light-colored clothes, tightly woven, light-colored clothes on such very hot days. Since our face is constantly exposed to the sun, it can be very important to protect our face with a wide-brimmed hat and glasses.


prof. Dr Bayramgürler said: “When it comes to sun protection, there is sunscreen. In this regard, we should pay attention to two things. The effect of a sunscreen starts about 20 minutes after it is applied. That is why it is important to apply our sunscreen to our face, hands, arms and sun-exposed areas 20 minutes before going outside, and its effect lasts for 3-4 hours. Therefore, it would be good to repeat them every 3-4 hours. Also when choosing a product to use, the sun’s rays have different wavelengths. It would be good if we bought and used products that cover all these wavelengths, what we call a broader spectrum, and if possible sold in pharmacies. Entrust your skin and skin to your dermatologist. The right information is in your dermatologist”.

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