Superstitions and Assumptions From Past to Present
- 1 Superstitions and principles
Superstitions and principles
While the origins of superstitions are not known for certain, their history dates back to ancient times. As with culture, there are differences in geography, history, and culture. Even if people cannot explain the reason for this behavior, the main point they meet is that they feel relief when they engage in this behavior.
Here are the superstitions of the past and their premises;
1. The superstition of walking under the stairs
Of course, do not go under the stairs, there is a good chance that something will happen to you, the stairs may not be fully pressed against the wall, and the person walking up the stairs may notice. you or it may be a matter of time before an object in his hand descends on your head in accordance with gravity. But there are some rumors about the starting point of this situation.
A triangle is formed between a ladder leaning against a wall and the wall. This is known in many cultures as the sacred triangle of gods. The fact that the sides of the pyramids are triangular is also based on this. To pass through a triangle means to defy a holy place, sacrilege.
For the ancient Egyptians, the ladder was a symbol of good luck. For without the ladder it would not be possible to rescue the sun god Osiris from his prison life in the spirit of darkness. The ladder was also seen as a figurative symbol for ascending to the level of the Gods.
Centuries later, the Christian faith adapted this belief to the way Jesus died. Accordingly, the ladder based on the cross became a symbol of betrayal, death, and evil. It was believed that once you pass under the stairs, you will encounter all this evil.
Different cultures have also developed a tradition of antidote to this bad luck, for example, the antidote of the Romans was a blow to those who had to pass under the stairs or who passed unwittingly. Stretch the middle finger of the hand, that is the longest finger, and make the other fingers into a fist, then swing up the ladder.
2. The mirror is broken superstition
It is one of the oldest superstitions. In the days before the mirror was invented, people looked too shiny surfaces, lakes, and pools to see their reflections, and the presence of ripples or vibrations where they looked was a disaster. The Egyptians and Greeks were busy securing their business and making unbreakable metal mirrors. At that time, it was believed that the image of the person on the glossy surface was the soul of the person and when the mirror was broken, the soul left the body.
In the Romans, when they advanced in glass making, there were more fractures and broken mirrors were accepted as a sign of bad luck. 7 years is an important process because it was thought that the whole body of a person was renewed every seven years in ancient times, this is why after the mirror was broken, the evil would only continue until the new body was formed. This superstition developed well in the 15th century in Italy, in the city of Venice, when the first silver-plated, fragile, and expensive mirrors were made. The faith also took on a somewhat economic dimension. The mirror bearers, the servants who cleaned the mirrors in the houses, were warned that if they broke the mirrors, they would suffer disasters worse than death for seven years.
Of course, some measures have been developed with this belief. For example, if the broken pieces of the mirror are collected and washed in a south-flowing river or buried in the ground, bad luck is eliminated. However, you should not look inside when you take the broken pieces and leave the house. The tops of the mirrors in the bedrooms should be covered when not in use so they don’t stay in the ghost. Mirrors in a deceased person’s home should also be covered so that the soul does not encounter any obstacles in its journey to heaven.
In the mid-17th century, cheap mirrors began to be produced in England and France, but the superstition was so entrenched that it still persists in the modern world today.
3. Hitting Wooden Superstitions
The belief in knocking wood came from the belief that oak has some power due to its height and strength, and it is a superstition that developed independently in two different parts of the world. It is known that it first appeared in the North American Indians in the 2000s BC, and then in the Hellenic civilization in the Aegean Sea.
Both cultures have seen lightning strikes on an oak tree very often. Native Americans believed that the oak was the place where God descended to earth with lightning and sat on it, while the Hellenes believed it to be the God of lightning.
The North American Indians took this superstition one step further. They believed that by touching the root of this tree, they had contacted God against future dangers and misfortunes, and they asked him to protect them.
In the Middle Ages, the clergy carried this belief to their own time. According to them, the basis of this belief is Hz. Jesus was killed on a wooden cross. It was even believed that a small piece of the original wooden cross was found in every cathedral in Europe. Hitting this sign meant “God grant my prayers and requests”.
The belief to hit the wood when we are afraid of throwing something or happening to us still continues. But these days, it’s very hard to find a tree scrap that can stand up to any kind of wood, let alone an oak tree.
4. Black Cat Superstitions
It is a superstition that people cannot believe in the evil that comes from each other and go a little further and accept the bigotry that a human cannot. The source belief that a black cat walking in front of a person will bring bad luck is known to date back to the ancient Egyptians in 3000 BC. At the time, cats were seen as sacred creatures, and wall reliefs found in excavations show that black kitties were accepted as goddesses.
It is thought that the reason cats fascinated the Egyptians so much was that they escaped unscathed, even if they fell from very high places. The belief that the cat has nine lives developed during that time.
As civilizations developed, people’s love for cats also increased. In India and China, cats became the closest animal to humans. In those days, contrary to popular belief, passing a cat in front of someone meant good luck to that person.
Hatred of cats, especially black cats, started in England in the Middle Ages, with Christianity’s drive to destroy previous cultures and what they considered to be symbols. Cats fell out of favor when their independent, do-it-yourself, “stubborn” and “stealthy” nature combined with their overcrowding in cities.
Those who kept cats at home in those years were poor and old women who lived alone. Again, those were the years when belief in wizards and witches all over Europe turned into hysteria. Campaigns have been launched to show that these women with black cats were practicing black magic. Terrifying folk tales have been produced about black cats turning into demons at night.
5. The unlucky number 13
This belief is so widespread in the world that sometimes it takes place in such a way that it disrupts the flow of people’s lives.
In some countries, the number 13 is not given to the doors of the houses, there is no 13th row of seats in airplanes, and the 13th floor in apartments and hotels is 12A or 14. There is no room 13. Even if so, we people don’t stay in that room. It is even said that absenteeism at work on the 13th of the month, cancellation of flight and train reservations, reduced shopping, and similar behavior cost the US millions of dollars a day. This belief has been accepted as a phobia, a kind of anxiety disorder, and it is called ‘triskaidekaphobia’.
At that moment, the god of light and beauty, Balder, throws a feast. Balder is the son of Odin and Frigga, the famous Viking god, and the wife of the moon queen Nanna. While 12 people are invited to this party, Loki, the god of lies and deceit, as the 13th person forcibly wants to attend, even though he is not invited. In the quarrel, however, Loki kills Balder, who is loved by the other gods.
This mythological story and belief spread from Scandinavia to southern Europe. Christian clerics use this folktale and Hz. They apply it to Jesus’ last meal. In the Christian version, Balder’s place is Hz. Jesus replaces Loki with the treacherous Judas. Within 24 hours of this meal, Hz. Jesus is killed by crucifixion. For this reason, it is believed that if 13 people get together for dinner, disaster will befall one of them.
According to these beliefs, the number 13 is bad luck, but the 13th day of the month, which coincides with Friday, is completely bad luck. However, if you were born on such a day, it is the opposite, that is, 13 is your lucky day.
The fact that our mother Eve made our father Adam eat the apple on Friday and got him kicked out of heaven because Friday was considered an unlucky day. The fact that the great flood in Noah’s time was on Friday, Hz. It may have been caused by any or all of the events, such as the crucifixion of Jesus on Friday. Muslims are Hz. Because they believe that Adam was created on Friday, they value this day more than any other day.
There are also those who say that the belief in the bad luck of the number 13 is based on the fact that the moon appears as a full moon 13 times a year.
Is Tattooing Harmful?: https://blog.dizih.com/is-tattooing-harmful-health-network/
What is the origin of superstition?
We can say that the origin of Superstition is based on ‘paganism’. paganism; is a belief system based on the natural religions of the world, whose commodities are figures of nature and natural events. The principles of sacred symbolism dominate, away from monotheism (monotheism). Therefore, we can say that the origin of the superstition is based on paganism. In the past, natural events, whose correctness and origin could not be proven due to scientific inadequacy, were seen as a belief and a sign. Today we know as the scientific reality that the moon is a satellite of the earth. But thousands of years ago it was believed that the moon was a goddess and that this goddess brought wealth and luck to people. Well, in this century, when we have scientifically definitive information about the formation of the moon, it must be an old belief that when the new moon rises, looking at the face of the person you love will bring people peace and happiness.
Superstitions are beliefs or practices that usually arise from ignorance, misunderstanding of scientific knowledge or causality, belief in fate or magic, perception of supernatural influences, or fear of the unknown.
Left hand palm itching
While itching in palms is usually caused by infectious diseases like hand fungus; Skin diseases cause itching on the back of the hands and between the fingers. Finding the factor that causes the itch in the patient is very important in terms of diagnosis and treatment.
Left hand itching meaning? According to one belief, it is a sign of money coming out of hand. The sooner the hand is washed with soapy water, the less money will be spent. It is the first evidence that superstitions have become a reality in my life bit by bit.