As the hot summer days continue, the strong effects of the sun continue to cause many skin problems. Assume that there are three different ultraviolet (UV) rays in the sun’s rays, namely UVA, UVB, and UVC, Assist. associate Dr Didem Mullaaziz said UVB exposure can cause first-degree burns and cause redness, pain and edema on the skin. Mullaaziz also stated that with prolonged damage, the formation of water-filled blisters can burn the skin to the second degree.
Is healthy tanning possible?
Assist reminds that tanning is the result of the skin’s effort to repair itself after the damage caused by sunburn. associate Dr Didem Mullaaziz said the concept of “healthy tanning” commonly used today is not a reality. Mullaaziz stated that tanning, while aesthetically preferred, is actually a self-protection mechanism resulting from skin damage.
Watch out for sunburn
Claiming that when treating sunburn, bed rest, plenty of oral fluid support, cold application, and a colorless and fragrance-free moisturizer should be used, Assist. associate Dr. Didem Mullaaziz stated that depending on the severity of the burn, creams and pills that reduce redness and pain are also recommended. Mullaaziz said that in severe cases where skin integrity has been compromised due to burns, short-term and low-dose systemic treatment with steroids or the use of systemic preventive antibiotics may be necessary, warning that applications such as creams, skin cleansing products, yogurt, toothpaste and tomato paste not recommended by the dermatologist should not be applied to the burn. Mullaaziz stated that these applications can cause the burn to deepen, become secondary infection and allergic changes.
Sun rays can cause wrinkles, freckles, spots, skin aging and cancer.
Claiming that sun damage causes short-term sunburn, Assist argues. associate Dr. Didem Mullaaziz stated that prolonged exposure can cause wrinkles, freckles, sun spots, skin aging and skin cancer. Mullaaziz stated that sun damage mainly occurs before the age of 20 and that a history of severe sunburn in childhood leads to the development of skin cancer and that children should be protected from the sun.
Babies should be kept out of the sun for the first 6 months.
Mullaaziz said babies should be kept out of the sun if possible for the first 6 months, and said if there is more than 20 minutes of sun exposure after 6 months, a chemical-free sunscreen should be used.
Recommendations for prevention
To help. associate Dr. Didem Mullaaziz also made the following suggestions for sunburn protection:
Do not be outside between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m
Wear a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen when you go outside.
Use sunscreen at 4-hour intervals when you are under the sun and at 2-hour intervals when you are by the sea.
Observe protective measures as sunburn can occur even in the shade or in the pool/sea.
Ensure that children and people with fair skin prefer light-colored clothing and clothing with sleeves when out in the sun.