The European Parliament (EP) has determined the content of the new law that will impose strict regulations on various artificial intelligence technologies such as ChatGPT.
During the session of the EP General Assembly in Strasbourg, the draft law with the first rules for artificial intelligence in Europe was discussed.
MEPs accepted the document, which sets out the EP’s position in negotiations with member states on the artificial intelligence law, with 499 “yes” and 28 “no” votes.
Therefore, artificial intelligence systems will need to be controlled by humans, non-discriminatory, safe, transparent and environmentally friendly.
Artificial intelligence will apply a risk-based approach. Depending on the risk that artificial intelligence can pose, the rules become stricter.
Artificial intelligence systems that pose an “unacceptable” risk to people’s safety will be banned. This includes artificial intelligence systems that classify people based on their social behavior or personal characteristics.
FACIAL RECOGNITION DATABASES WILL BE PROHIBITED
The use of real-time remote biometric identification systems in public places is also banned.
Biometric classification systems that use various sensitive characteristics such as gender, race, ethnicity, citizenship, religion, political orientation, profiling, emotion identification systems in police systems, law enforcement, border authorities, workplaces and educational institutions based on location or past criminal behavior, setting up of databases from the Internet or CCTV systems to create facial recognition databases is prohibited.
AI high-risk classification; It is expanded to include damage to people’s health, safety, fundamental rights or the environment.
Using artificial intelligence systems to influence voters in political campaigns will fall into the risk category. The systems of the major social media platforms with a total of more than 45 million users are also on the risk list and will be subject to strict rules.
ILLEGAL CONTENT PRODUCTION IS PREVENT
Systems like ChatGPT will have to follow additional transparency rules. These systems will have to make it clear that the content has been created by artificial intelligence.
Systems will be designed to prevent illegal content production.
Negotiations between EU Member States and the EP will start today, under the agreed negotiating mandate. Legislative negotiations are expected to be concluded by the end of this year.
After the EU institutions have agreed on a common legal text, the law will enter into force by publication in the Official Journal of the EU.
The EU does not yet have a regulation on ChatGPT or similar artificial intelligence systems, but 2 years ago the EU commission drafted the first bill containing the new regulatory framework for artificial intelligence and submitted it to the member states and the EP.
This proposal introduced some restrictions and transparency rules in the use of artificial intelligence systems.
In the commission’s proposal, artificial intelligence systems were divided into 4 main groups: unacceptable risk, high risk, limited risk and minimal risk.
On the other hand, last week the EU asked technology companies to place descriptive labels on text and images produced by artificial intelligence.
In addition, before the law on artificial intelligence comes into force, the European Commission is working on an agreement that will bring new rules in this area with the participation of all companies active in the field of artificial intelligence. This voluntary agreement is intended to be enforced until the Artificial Intelligence Act comes into effect.