Specialist in the field of child health and diseases. Dr Akif Çelik defines ‘myocardium’ as the inflammation of the heart muscle that can lead to various complications, such as heart failure, arrhythmias and sudden death, saying: “Although myocarditis can occur at any age, it is relatively rare in children. The disease has two peaks during childhood and adolescence In autopsy studies, myocarditis is diagnosed in 2 percent of all pediatric deaths.
VIRAL INFECTIONS TRIGGER
Stating that infections caused by microbes such as some bacteria, fungi and parasites can also cause myocarditis with different factors, Uzm. Dr Çelik said: “Viruses, especially enteroviruses, coxsakivirus, ecovirus, poliovirus and adenovirus are the major factors in myocarditis. In addition, parvovirus b 19 has been observed to frequently cause myocarditis in recent years. In most cases, viral infections are the primary cause of myocarditis in children Myocarditis “The viruses that can cause upper respiratory infections are microbes that cause flu-like illnesses that usually cause upper respiratory infections. Other factors that can cause myocarditis include rheumatic diseases, drug hypersensitivity and exposure to pollution factors.”
BEWARE AS THESE COMPLAINTS
Listing the symptoms of inflammation of the heart muscle, Dr. Dr Celik said: “Symptoms of myocarditis, i.e. inflammation of the heart muscle in children, can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In some cases, children may not show any symptoms. However, in children with inflammation of the heart muscle pain chest or chest discomfort, shortness of breath, rapid fatigue, fast or irregular heartbeat, swelling of the legs, ankles or feet (oedema), fainting or dizziness, fever or flu-like symptoms these symptoms may also occur in other situations That is why it is necessary to closely monitor the complaints of these children. A doctor should be consulted.”
Dr. Dr. Dr. Steel listed them as follows:
BLOOD TESTS: Blood tests can help detect the presence of viruses or other infections that can cause myocarditis.
Echocardiogram: This test produces an image of the heart using ultrasound waves to detect any abnormalities in the heart’s structure or movements.
ELECTROCARDIOGRAMM (ECG): An EKG can help detect electrical changes that may indicate myocarditis.
HEART MRI: This imaging provides detailed images of the heart and helps detect any inflammation or damage to the heart muscle.
HEART BIOPTION: This test is performed by removing a small piece of tissue from the heart muscle to examine it under a microscope for signs of inflammation.
VACCINES AND HAND HYGIENE IS IMPORTANT
EXPERT Dr. Çelik made the following recommendations to reduce the risk of myocarditis:
VACCINES: Vaccines can protect children against viral infections such as flu and measles that can cause myocarditis.
HAND HYGIENE: Good hand hygiene can prevent the spread of viruses and other infections that can cause myocarditis.
STAY AWAY FROM SICK PEOPLE: Children should avoid contact with sick people, especially those with a viral infection.
AVOID TOXINS: Exposure to environmental pollutants such as pesticides and chemicals should be avoided as much as possible.
EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT: Early detection and treatment of infections that can cause myocarditis can help prevent the condition from developing.
FAST DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
Dr. Dr. Dr. Celik: “With prompt diagnosis and proper treatment, most children with myocarditis can make a full recovery. It is important for parents to be aware of the symptoms of myocarditis and seek medical attention if their child has symptoms of this condition.”
MAY NEED HOSPITAL INSURANCE
On the treatment of myocarditis in children, Dr. Dr Çelik said: “In mild cases, children may not need any treatment and may recover on their own. However, in severe cases, medication may be started to treat myocarditis depending on the cause of the condition. For children with myocarditis, rest is essential and physical activity should be limited until the condition improves.” Children with severe myocarditis may need to limit their fluid intake to prevent fluid buildup in the lungs. Severe cases may require hospitalization and children may require oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids, medications to support the heart’s work, or other supportive therapy.”