Thyroid nodules are abnormal nodules or masses of various structures and sizes that occur in the thyroid tissue. Thyroid nodules, common in the community, are usually harmless. It is imperative to be examined for thyroid nodules, which are more common in women than in men. General Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Osman Toktaş: “In some cases there may be a risk of cancer. Thyroid nodules are quite common and at least one nodule can be seen in half of all people up to the age of 60.” used the phrase.
SYMPTOMS OF PAINT BUTTON
associate Dr. Osman Toktaş listed the local and systemic complaints in thyroid nodules as follows: Shortness of breath (by pressing on the trachea) Difficulty swallowing (by pressing on the esophagus) Change in voice quality, tired and hoarse voice (by pressing on the nerve pressure that stimulates the vocal cords) they reduce blood flow. They cause cosmetic problems by causing swelling in the neck.
COMPLAINTS MAY VARY
associate Dr. Toktaş stated that the systematic complaints about the thyroid gland vary according to whether the gland is working more or less. associate Dr. Toktaş, complaints that can occur when the gland produces too much hormone; He listed them as nervousness, palpitations, dry skin, hair loss, tremors in the hands, inability to gain weight, irregular menstrual cycle, hot flashes, intestinal motility and diarrhea. associate dr. However, the symptoms that can occur when the gland produces a small amount of hormones; tiredness, early fatigue, weight gain, constipation, depression and being unhappy.
SURGERY IS PERFORMED ON PATIENTS WITH SUSPECTED CANCER
Assoc. states that the diagnosis of thyroid nodules can be easily made by ultrasound of the neck and some blood tests. Dr. Toktaş said: “Treatment procedures in diagnosed nodules are surgical in nodules suspected of being cancerous and producing hormones, and the patient needs surgery. For nodules that do not produce hormones, if the nodule is larger than 3 centimeters, if it presses on the trachea, esophagus or nerve in the neck, if it grows in the breast, if it causes cosmetic problems and if there is growth in the follow-up ups, surgery is recommended to the patient. Except in a few special cases, the thyroid gland is completely removed and patients must take medication after this operation.” he said.
DOCTOR AND THE HOSPITAL WHO WILL DO THE SURGERY IS IMPORTANT
associate Dr Toktaş said: “Thyroid surgery is a sensitive operation, it is vital that it is performed in a good center and by a specialist surgeon.” he finished his speech.