United Nations | History, Effect and Features

The United Nations (UN) is an influential organization around the world in the fields of peace, human rights, sustainable development and international cooperation. We have done an extensive study on the United Nations for you.

What is the United Nations?

The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded on October 24, 1945. The UN focuses on issues such as peace, security, cooperation, sustainable development, human rights and the promotion of international law around the world.

The purpose of the creation of the UN was to increase cooperation between member states and to keep the peace so as not to relive the global disasters of the Second World War. The UN is based on the basic principles of the UN Charter, which has been signed by 193 countries since its creation. These principles include respecting the sovereignty of member states, resolving conflicts by peaceful means, protecting human rights, promoting sustainable development and promoting international law.

Founding date of the United Nations

United Nations

Those who prepared the creation of the United Nations were the great states that fought during World War II. The work carried out between 1941-1945 was completed in 1945. The United Nations system is an international organization founded in 1945 under the leadership of the US. The purpose of this organization is on the one hand to maintain world peace and security and on the other hand to create an economic, social and cultural relationship between nations. International economic institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank and the GATT are equipped with goals and objectives that will ensure the functioning of market rules in the global economy. Within the framework of these organizations, agreements and their activities, it was desirable to provide both a globalization and a solidarity environment in the world.

The United Nations, whose membership has now reached 193, has also signed the United Nations Convention, the first treaty to universally prohibit the use of force in international relations. Together with this treaty, the Statute of the International Court of Justice was signed on this date. Although the UN is called a union of nations, it is a union of states.

United Nations functions

United Nations

The United Nations (UN) has many functions, such as maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, promoting sustainable development, and supporting the development of international law. These functions are based on the basic principles of the UN and are carried out in cooperation with the member states.

One of the main functions of the UN is to maintain international peace and security. To this end, the UN Security Council addresses crises that threaten the peace and security of member states and takes appropriate measures. These measures may include options such as military intervention, sanctions or sending peacekeepers. UN peacekeeping is a limited tool used to maintain peace and security around the world.

The UN also strives to respect and protect human rights. To this end, the UN Human Rights Council conducts studies for the protection and promotion of human rights. The UN can warn member states to respect human rights and impose sanctions where necessary.

Another function of the UN is to promote sustainable development. The UN has set Sustainable Development Goals and encourages Member States to work towards them. These objectives include issues such as poverty alleviation, improvement of health care, education, water and food security.

The global influence of the United Nations

United Nations

The UN has made progress in many areas with the cooperation of its member states and has had a significant impact around the world.

One of the effects of the UN is to maintain peace and security. The UN has intervened in many crises since its creation in 1945. These include events such as the Korean War, the Serbia-Kosovo crisis, the conflicts in Somalia and the Rwandan Genocide. The UN has taken on important tasks such as bringing about ceasefires, ending conflicts and contributing to the resolution of crises by sending peacekeepers to these crises.

The influence of the UN on human rights is also quite significant. The UN was a pioneer in the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is committed to protecting human rights around the world. The UN Human Rights Council warns member states to respect human rights and imposes sanctions where necessary. The UN also focuses on important issues such as gender equality, children’s rights and the rights of people with disabilities.

The UN also plays an important role in sustainable development. The UN has set sustainable development goals and encourages member states to meet these goals. These goals include poverty alleviation, protection of water resources, combating climate change, improving health care and education. The UN strives to achieve sustainable development goals by working with many non-governmental organizations, private sector organizations and governments around the world.

Specialized organizations affiliated with the United Nations

United Nations

  • FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization
  • ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
  • UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • IBRD: World Bank
  • IMF: International Monetary Fund
  • WHO: World Health Organization
  • UPU: Universal Postal Union
  • ITU: International Telecommunication Union
  • IMO: International Maritime Organization
  • WMO: World Meteorological Organization
  • IFC: International Cost Agency
  • IDA: International Development Association
  • WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
  • IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • UNIDO: United Nations Organization for Industrial Development
  • IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
  • ILO: International Labor Organization
  • UNWTO: World Tourism Organization
  • WFP: World Food Programme

Full members of the United Nations

United Nations

States that attended the 1945 San Francisco Conference and signed and ratified the treaty. These included India, which was under British control at the time, and Belarus and Ukraine, which, although members of the USSR, were made sovereign only for this purpose.

United Nations Admission Decree

United Nations

It is taken by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. On the other hand, the exercise of the rights and privileges arising from the title of membership of a state for which a preventive or coercive UN decision has been taken may be stopped by the General Assembly. A decision to withdraw membership can be made for a country that repeatedly violates the principles of the Treaty.

What are the functions of the United Nations?

The UN mandates include maintaining peace and security, protecting human rights, achieving sustainable development goals, protecting and promoting international law, providing humanitarian assistance and promoting cultural cooperation.

What are the organs of the United Nations?

The main organs of the UN are: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and the UN Secretary’s Network. In addition, there are many programs, funds and agencies within the UN.

How many members does the UN have?

193 countries are members of the United Nations.

What are the main tasks of the UN?

The main tasks of the UN include maintaining peace and security, providing humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, increasing international cooperation and protecting human rights.

In what events has the UN been successful?

The UN intervened in many crises around the world and made important contributions to peace. These include the Korean War, the Serbia-Kosovo crisis, the conflicts in Somalia and the Rwandan Genocide. It also has a significant impact on the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

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