Use punctuation marks
Using correct punctuation makes the text more understandable and keeps the reader flowing. In addition, misused punctuation can completely change the meaning of the sentence or reveal text that is difficult for the reader to understand. In this article, we have collected a lot of information about the correct use of punctuation.
Here’s what you need to know about punctuation marks…
What is the importance of punctuation marks?
Punctuation marks play a crucial role in understanding a text. The use of correct punctuation marks increases the fluency and meaning of the text. Incorrectly used punctuation marks in a text can completely change the sentence.
For example, the punctuation marks in the sentence mean something else: “When I saw the man, he wasn’t crying, he was happy.” When punctuation is used this way, “When I saw the man, he wasn’t crying, he was happy.” sentence has a completely different meaning. Therefore, using correct punctuation is very important to accurately convey the meaning of the text.
In some cases, punctuation is also a way to emphasize writing. For example, by splitting a sentence in two with a comma, you can make the reader read an important part of that sentence more emphatically.
Use of commas
The comma is one of the most commonly used punctuation marks. However, one of the punctuation marks that many people make the most mistakes is the comma. Proper use of commas clarifies the meaning of the sentence and allows the reader to move smoothly through the text.
First, one of the most basic rules for using commas is to separate independent and dependent clauses. After completing an independent sentence, you can switch to a new sentence with a comma. For example: “It’s very hot, so let’s go to the sea.” There are two separate independent clauses here and a comma is used to join them together.
Another use of commas is to separate comments. You can use a comma to separate additional information within a noun or phrase. For example: “My father is an engineer who teaches at the university, he works abroad.”
In addition, the use of commas in lists is very important. You can mark each item by placing a comma between two or more items. For example: “We have to go shopping, we have to buy milk, bread and eggs.”
However, misused commas can change the meaning of sentences or make them completely meaningless. For example: “In Istanbul, bridges and landscapes are beautiful.” Using commas in this sentence is wrong, the correct version is “Bridges and landscapes in Istanbul are beautiful.” must be in the form.
The dot is the most basic punctuation mark. Proper use of periods clarifies the meaning of the sentence and allows the reader to move smoothly through the text.
First, the period is placed at the end of the sentence. A period is placed at the end of sentences that express a single thought or action. For example: “It’s sunny today.”
Also, the use of punctuation is used at the end of parts that contain more than one sentence. For example: “Ali wants to go to the movies. Ayşe wants to go with him.”
Another dot usage is at the end of abbreviations. For example: “Dr., Prof., etc., etc.” Periods are used in abbreviations.
The dot is also used when combining numbers with fractions. For example, “It got 50.5 percent of the vote.”
However, misused points can change the meaning of sentences or make them completely meaningless. For example: “The trees are green. The houses are white.” Using a full stop in this sentence is incorrect, the correct form is “The trees are green, the houses are white.” must be in the form.
Use exclamation marks and question marks
Exclamation and question marks are punctuation marks used in sentences to add emotional emphasis and ask questions. Used correctly, it helps the reader understand the emotional and semantic tone in the text.
The exclamation mark is used to express intense emotions such as surprise, enthusiasm, anger. For example: “This was a really great experience!” or “I’ve never been so angry in my life!”
A question mark indicates that a question has been asked. The question mark at the end of the sentence helps the reader understand the right tone. For example: “Is the weather very hot today?” or “What time should we get up?”
Exclamation marks and question marks can only be used at the end of sentences. But in some cases it can be used with other punctuation marks to emphasize the meaning of the sentence. For example: “This is great news! It will change our lives.” or “What’s the point of doing such a stupid thing?!”
On the other hand, when the use of exclamation marks and question marks is overused in a text, it can distract the reader’s attention or diminish the meaning. Therefore, frequent use of these signs should be avoided.
Combine punctuation marks
Punctuation marks are used to clarify the meaning of sentences and increase readability. However, a combination of different punctuation marks can further emphasize or change the meaning and tone of the sentence.
The combination of punctuation marks can help the reader better understand the tone and emphasis of the text. For example, “This is a really great idea, don’t you think?” The use of both exclamation and question marks in the sentence indicates the speaker’s excitement and waiting for approval.
Besides being used together, using commas or periods can also sometimes change the meaning of the sentence. For example, in the sentence “Come, let’s eat together, then watch a movie”, using a comma means “let’s eat and then watch a movie”, while using the period in the sentence “Let’s eat and then watch a movie” means “let’s eat and then watch a movie”. means.
Besides being used together, some punctuation marks are used specifically for certain sentences or sentence structures. For example, in the sentence “the harder you study, the more successful you will be”, the use of a comma is used to denote comparison constructs.
However, using punctuation marks together can change the meaning of the sentence or make it meaningless when used unnecessarily or incorrectly. Therefore, it is important to follow grammar rules for the correct use of punctuation marks.
Use of brackets
Parentheses in texts are used to add or explain certain information. Therefore, it is very useful to use parentheses to make a sentence easier to understand. However, it is important to pay attention to some rules of punctuation when using parentheses.
- Words or expressions in parentheses must have a meaning independent of the main clause. Therefore, we should not lose the meaning of the sentence by removing the expressions in parentheses.
- It is recommended to write adjacent expressions in parentheses. For example: “(today)” instead of “(today)”.
- If the sentence in parentheses is a complete sentence, put a full stop at the end. For example: “I was very tired last night. (So I went to bed early)”
- If the parenthetical phrase is at the end of the main sentence, the full stop should be placed outside the parenthetical parentheses. For example: “I’ve been very busy lately. (So sometimes I don’t have time for myself.)”
- If multiple parentheses are needed in the main clause, it is important to pay attention to the use of nested parentheses. For example, “He said they (they have to finish their homework today) and (they will hand it in tomorrow).”
- In some cases it may be better to use hyphens instead of parentheses. For example, it may be more appropriate to use “- Mehmet -” instead of “(Mehmet)” when specifying a person’s name.
The apostrophe is often used to add a piece of information to a sentence or to clarify the meaning of the sentence. For example: “Ali took his friend to the movies.” The apostrophe in the sentence is used to separate the information between “Ali went to the movies” and “he took his friend”. The sentence without an apostrophe is: “Ali took his friend to the movies.” It can also be written as , but the meaning of the sentence becomes clearer if an apostrophe is used.
The apostrophe is not only used in sentences. In some cases, the apostrophe can also be used to connect two sentences. For example: “Ali went to the movies and his friend stayed home.” The apostrophe in a sentence connects two sentences.
Improper use of the apostrophe can lead to misunderstandings or misunderstandings. For example: “Cranberry jam is being made.” sentence, without the apostrophe, “Cranberry jam is made.” can also be written as But before using the apostrophe, you should clearly understand the meaning of the sentence. If it is taken to mean “cranberry jam is being made”, this can lead to misunderstandings.
Using highlighted words is very important to explain and emphasize the meaning of sentences. Drawn words are usually separated by commas or hyphens.
For example: “My favorite food is pizza.” In this sentence, the word “pizza” is a highlighted word and is emphasized by separating it with a comma before it.
Similarly, words marked with a hyphen can be specified. For example: “The obstacle to eternity – is fear.” In this sentence, the word “fear” is marked with a hyphen.
The correct use of highlighted words makes the written text more understandable and effective. However, its overuse can also distract the reader and weaken the meaning of sentences. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to the correct and balanced use of highlighted words.
Why is using commas important?
Commas play an important role in determining the meaning of sentences. If used incorrectly, the meaning of the sentence can completely change. For example, the difference between “Come, let’s eat” and “Come, let’s eat” is determined by the correct use of the comma.
How should point use be?
The full stop is used to indicate the end of the sentence. A period should be used at the end of each sentence. Also, a period should be used at the end of abbreviations. For example “Dr.” The abbreviation is indicated by a dot with an “r”, the last letter of the word “Doctor”.
How should exclamation and question marks be used?
Exclamation marks and question marks are used at the end of sentences. The exclamation mark is used to express excitement, surprise or anger while the question mark is used to express a question.