Many regions of Turkey have been under the spell of rainy weather for days. Rainy weather is expected to move out of the country during the week and air temperatures will rise significantly and be above seasonal norms. Emphasizing that between 1998 and 2017, 166,000 people in the world died due to the rise in air temperature, Manisa Provincial Health Director Specialist. Dr Erol Karaca said this number is expected to increase further in the coming years. Karaca shared a statistic from the World Health Organization drawing attention to the importance of raising awareness in combating hot weather.
exp. Dr. Erol Karaca: “Exposure to extreme heat has far-reaching physiological consequences for all humans. It can often increase the effect of existing diseases. The process can lead to premature death or disability. Especially risk groups such as young children, the elderly, pregnant women, the disabled, people with chronic diseases and overweight people should follow some simple but effective rules to protect themselves from the harmful effects of hot weather.
The body constantly loses fluid through sweat; Therefore, at least 2-2.5 liters of water should be consumed per day without waiting for thirst. It is recommended to drink 2-4 glasses of water every hour during vigorous exercise or outdoor physical activity. This consumption should be increased as needed. People in the high-risk group should be monitored during the day for signs of heat-related illness. To control body temperature, shower regularly, if this is not possible, feet, hands, face and neck should be wet with cold water or wiped. Bedding that does not accumulate heat should be used and, if possible, sleep in refrigerated or cool rooms. One should not go outside unless necessary, especially those with health problems should avoid going outside, especially between 10am and 4pm when the day is hotter and the harmful effects of the sun are more intense. If it is necessary to go outside, it should be in shaded and air-conditioned areas as much as possible, activities that require intense exertion should be avoided and rested regularly. In addition, to protect against the harmful effects of the sun, preference should be given to light-colored and loose clothing, hats, sunglasses and sunscreen products for the skin.
There is no waiting in parked vehicles, children must never be left in the vehicle. Exercises should not be neglected, but the morning and evening hours, when the air temperature is lower, are preferable. Sun rays are also harmful to the skin and eyes. Choosing sunglasses with UV protection during the hours when the sun’s rays are strong, and using protective creams against the negative effects of the sun will provide the necessary protection for people with sensitive skin problems.
“The consumption of food sold outdoors and in the open air should be avoided. Meat, eggs, milk, fish, food that is easily spoiled should not be stored in the open air. If symptoms such as persistent headache, double vision, frequent vomiting and nausea are observed after prolonged exposure to the sun or heat, a doctor should be consulted immediately Karaca said a significant proportion of patients who presented to emergency services during the summer months were civilians who failed to take precautions and the citizens warned.