Watch for skin blemishes caused by the sun

Dermatology specialist Dr Gülbiye Güler said: “If the spots are present from childhood, they are freckles. They are faded in winter and their color darkens with spring. It is most common on the face. It is seen in humans with blonde and red hair structure. It has a genetic trait. Melasma is seen in adults and especially in women. The exact cause is not known. It is located on the face, it is seen on the forehead, cheeks, upper lip and nasal rim. It is more common in dark-skinned people, pregnant women, taking hormone medications and people with iron deficiency anemia. time. Lentigo is called sun spots which are seen in adults over 40. They are larger than freckles, they can be a few mm to a few cm in size, they are sharply defined and have a darker brown color, they are permanent in all seasons, their color may become slightly darker in summer. Lentigo occurs on the back of the hands, forearms, face, shoulders, and back of fair-skinned people. It is more apparent on the sunlit side of those who drive for a long time. It is intensely seen in people who work outside and sunbathe a lot,” he said.

Güler stated that during the summer months there is an increase in the number of moles and their colors darken apart from sunspots. body, they should definitely be shown to a specialist. The treatment differs depending on the depth of the pigment and the type of stain. “Treatments can be applied. The winter season, when there is no sun, is preferable for treatment. Newly formed spots can be removed easily and quickly, while long-term sun spots can be stubborn. Treatment can include color-lightening creams, chemical and enzymatic peels, PRP, mesotherapy, dermapen and various laser methods are applied.

Private Medicana Bursa Hospital Dermatology Specialist Dr. Gülbiye Güler said: “Sun protection should be started from childhood. You should not sunbathe between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. when the sun’s rays are intense. If you go out in the sun, you should wear a wide-brimmed hat, glasses and a white hat with long sleeves wear linen clothing. 50 factor sun protection against UV AB suitable for your skin type. “These creams must be applied. These should be renewed every 3-4 hours and should be applied at home 20-30 minutes before going outside. Sunspots can reappear soon after treatment,” he said.

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