Laryngeal cancer can be seen in any region of the larynx, the most common area being the vocal cords. It is necessary to examine in detail, especially with hoarseness that lasts more than 2 weeks. In cases where the vocal cords are not working, there is swelling in the neck and unexplained ear and throat pain, it is imperative to investigate in detail with advanced imaging methods. When laryngeal cancer is in the upper part of the vocal cords, it may show symptoms later. Since the voice is not distorted in this area, the complaints of the patients are usually common symptoms such as choking, swallowing and throat clearing. When laryngeal cancer lodges below the vocal cords, sometimes the first symptom can be shortness of breath. Tumors in the vocal cords gradually develop and begin to spread out of the vocal cords by engulfing the entire vocal cord.
Early diagnosis plays a life-saving role. If delayed, it may be necessary to remove the entire larynx system and it may be necessary to create a permanent hole in the throat. Of the factors that cause laryngeal cancer, smoking is the most well-known, but genetic structure plays a major role. When risk factors are added to people with a genetic predisposition to cancer, cancer can develop more quickly. In other words, when a person with a genetic predisposition smokes, cancer develops faster, but when a person without a genetic predisposition smokes, it occurs later. One of the main factors is that alcohol along with tobacco products accelerates the cancer process. The factor known as the HPV virus also plays an important role in the onset of head and neck cancer. A person’s diet, especially a high-protein diet, carries risks with fried foods, red meats, and processed foods. Exposure to toxic gases and prolonged inhalation in these toxic gaseous environments significantly increases the risk of laryngeal and lung cancer. The diagnosis of larynx cancer is made definitively by examining the patient by the doctor and removing a piece of suspicious tissue. Ugly tissues should make doctors and patients suspicious. Especially the presence of risk factors and the prolongation of the complaints should be reminiscent of the risk of larynx cancer.
After the endoscopic examination, if necessary, additional imaging can be done with computed tomography and MR in detail. Prof. Dr. Yavuz Selim Yıldırım, “The most decisive role in the treatment of laryngeal cancer is when the patient is diagnosed (when the cancer is understood). A larger area is affected in late cancers. If diagnosed at an early stage, it can be easily treated without affecting the laryngeal functions.In early diagnosis, the cancer in the vocal cords is removed with laser and the voice quality is preserved.In later cases, the voice quality is lost by applying the laser method through the mouth endoscopically, but the function is preserved and treated Early in the stage of tumors, the most satisfactory results are obtained with surgery Radiotherapy, radiation therapy and chemotherapy-drug therapy, whose organ-protective function is more important in tumors that protrude beyond the larynx, are also included in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. of the treatments are discussed, and the pros and cons of the treatments are discussed, with a multidisciplinary approach, with a multidisciplinary approach. The appropriate treatment method is selected and applied.