The topic of psychological changes during pregnancy and its treatment has been one of the most consulted topics by my clients lately. Pregnancy is a special and different experience for every woman. From the moment she learns she’s pregnant, expectant mothers can experience conflicting feelings. It is clear that women take on a different psychology and experience emotional swings during their pregnancy. The most common psychological change we encounter is depression. In this article, we have discussed the psychological changes during pregnancy. Hormones secreted during pregnancy cause women to experience psychological and physiological changes during pregnancy. Physical changes such as stretch marks in the abdomen and legs can bother some pregnant women. The expectant mother’s body is programmed to protect and nourish the baby. This can make the expectant mother tired and sluggish. The reason why women experience psychological changes during pregnancy is not just due to hormonal changes. Factors such as the mode of delivery and the health of the baby can evoke feelings such as stress, sadness and fear in the expectant mother. Feelings of fatigue, helplessness, and frustration can be felt in the face of lifelong responsibility for the baby she gave birth to and other roles in life. These feelings and thoughts are normal reactions experienced throughout human history. Against many changes that occur both physically and psychologically, as the body combines with hormone secretions, psychological changes during pregnancy can become inevitable. It is an expected situation to experience opposing emotions at the same time, such as joy, excitement, fear, and sadness. Depressed mood is seen in pregnant women. At the same time, after the baby is born, there may be more serious psychiatric symptoms, although not often. These include depression, anxiety, or mental illnesses such as not accepting the baby or not caring for the baby. In such cases, the advice of a psychiatrist should be sought.
What are the psychological changes during pregnancy?
Mental changes during pregnancy can occur especially when women are uncomfortable with their physical changes. Most of the psychological feelings that occur after both physical changes and hormone fluctuations can be considered perfectly normal as long as they don’t interfere with functionality. However, the psychological changes that require intervention in this process should not be overlooked, which can progress from severe depression to suicide. In this process, which is both physical and hormonal confusion, many women can experience problems such as not being able to accept pregnancy. Some of the issues faced by pregnant women during this period are listed below:
* There may be fear that his wife will dislike him because of the increased weight. * Cracks in the body, excess weight is a situation that causes the pregnant woman to experience great stress. * Problems such as dizziness, fatigue and excessive sleepiness, which are common in many pregnant women, also have psychological consequences for the expectant mother. * Pregnancy during an extremely stressful period in family life can lead to psychological changes. *As the birth approaches, so can the stress of how the mother-to-be will give birth, whether it will be a caesarean section or a normal delivery.
*Mothers who have had a traumatic or extremely stressful pregnancy may become concerned about holding their babies in their arms. *As the birth approaches, expectant mothers may wonder if they can be a good mother. *Maternal candidates experiencing a physical change may also encounter negative aspects such as disliking themselves as an ugly person in appearance.
* When their babies are born, pregnant women may experience negative thoughts or worries, such as whether they will bond with their father-to-be. * Negativity and psychological problems of expectant mothers also affect people living around them. * It is known that the prospective mothers who have previously had a mental health problem are most likely to experience negative situations such as stress and irritability.
* Many factors such as sexual restraint, excessive crying, tension and fatigue affect the expectant mothers psychologically. * Over time, the effects of psychological changes in women during pregnancy can be felt by the baby. In this case, it is necessary to get help from a psychiatrist in addition to spouse, family and social support.
Do psychological changes during pregnancy affect the baby?
Mothers-to-be can experience psychological problems for a variety of reasons. Well, how does this affect the unborn baby? The baby in the mother’s womb feels everything, negative or positive, including many reasons such as the mother’s eating, drinking, stress, sadness and anxiety. The extreme happiness that expectant mothers experience is reflected in the hormones so that the baby can feel it directly. Similarly, in people with stress and anxiety disorders, the secretion of adrenaline hormones in the body increases and the baby feels the negativity that the mother feels.