Health director Dr Yasin Yılmaz said that with the onset of air temperatures above seasonal norms, the extreme heat brought several health problems. Dr. Yılmaz said: “The body temperature rises due to the increase in temperature and humidity, and the metabolism tries to adapt to this new situation. Normally, the body temperature is tried to balance with sweating. In extreme temperatures, the However, body temperature cannot be balanced by sweat alone. The elderly, infants and people with chronic diseases cannot balance body temperature through the sweating mechanism. It may not always be possible to balance the temperature. Again, if the humidity in the environment is high, the body temperature cannot drop enough due to sweating. In addition, obesity, high fever due to any disease, excessive fluid loss, heart disease, mental and nervous disorders, the use of certain drugs can also cause sweating in hot weather. “In such cases, rising body temperature can cause damage to the brain and other vital organs,” he said.
“Be careful not to go outside”
Yılmaz listed the groups most affected by the extreme heat as follows; “Elderly people aged 65 and over. Children under the age of four. Those in need of care. Pregnant women, those who work outside the home, and people who are overweight. Chronic diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, mental illness, chronic respiratory system disease) People who continuously taking medications (especially antihypertensives, diuretics, depression and sleeping pills).
Older people with chronic illnesses and people living alone are the most risky group in particular.’ protect against the heat, said Dr. Yılmaz: “Working outdoors should be avoided. Those who should be careful not to be unprotected in the sun as much as possible, to avoid excessive movements, to often take watery foods with salt.
When outdoors, light colored, light, loose and tightly woven fabrics are preferred; a wide-brimmed hat with vents should be worn and sunglasses should be used to protect against the harmful rays of the sun. During the hours when the sun’s rays are steep (10 a.m.-4 p.m.), one should not swim in the sea and sunbathe. Those wishing to swim outside these hours should use sunscreen (with a protection factor of at least 15), take the necessary protective measures such as a hat and goggles, and do not sunbathe for a long time. Morning and evening hours are preferable for intensive physical activity and sports, at least 2-4 glasses of liquid should be taken for every hour of exercise. Strenuous physical activity should be avoided. Adults and the elderly at risk should be checked for sun or sunstroke at least twice a day. The baby should be checked more often in this regard. Babies, children, the disabled and animals must never be left in closed and parked vehicles. The interior temperature of the vehicles rises very quickly after they are parked, even if there is air conditioning. When exiting the vehicle, make sure everyone gets out,” he advised.
Yılmaz pointed out that it is necessary to take a shower regularly so that the body temperature does not rise, and completed his statement as follows: “The feet, hands, face and neck should be moistened with cold water or wiped. Even if there is no feeling of thirst, at least 2-2.5 liters (12-14 glasses of water) per day Liquid should be consumed Low-fat cheeses, olives and fresh vegetables should be included at breakfast, instead of drinks containing caffeine, milk, fruit juice, linden and rosehip herbal tea is preferred Consumption of fatty foods and fried foods should be avoided and vegetable oils should be used in meals Frying while preparing meals Healthy cooking methods such as boiling, grilling, cooking in its own juice or in less water should be used used instead of frying.
A lot of fruits and vegetables should be consumed to increase the body’s resistance and to ensure that the body receives enough vitamins and minerals. To prevent fluid and mineral loss that increases with sweating, more fluid should be taken in than usual. While it is essential to drink water for fluid intake, drinks such as milk, ayran and fruit juice are preferable to coffee, tea and carbonated drinks for fluid intake without water. If fluid intake is restricted or diuretic medication is used by the doctor, it is necessary to consult the relevant doctor. Very cold and icy drinks are not preferred as they can cause stomach cramps. Drinks containing caffeine and large amounts of sugar should not be consumed, as they cause more fluid loss from the body. The consumption of food sold outdoors and in the open air should be avoided, food that can spoil quickly (meat, eggs, milk, fish, etc.) should not be kept in the open air, and hygiene rules should be observed during preparing and cooking food.