Health director Dr Yasin Yılmaz said that with the onset of air temperatures above seasonal norms, the extreme heat brought several health problems. Dr. Yılmaz said: “The body temperature rises due to the increase in temperature and humidity, and the metabolism tries to adapt to this new situation. Normally, the body temperature is tried to balance with sweating. In extreme temperatures, the body temperature, however, cannot be kept in balance by sweat alone.
It may not always be possible to balance body temperature with the sweat mechanism in the elderly, infants and people with chronic diseases. Again, if the humidity in the environment is high, the body temperature may not drop sufficiently through sweating. In addition, obesity, high fever due to any illness, excessive fluid loss, heart disease, mental and nervous disorders and the use of certain medications are other factors that affect sweating in hot weather. In such cases, rising body temperature can cause damage to the brain and other vital organs.
“Be careful not to go outside”
Yılmaz listed the groups most affected by the extreme heat: “Elderly people aged 65 and over living alone. Children under the age of four. Those in need of care. Pregnant women, people working outside the home and people who are overweight. Chronic diseases (diabetes, heart and vascular diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, mental diseases , chronic diseases of the respiratory system) , liver diseases, kidney diseases).
People who constantly use drugs (especially blood pressure lowering, diuretics, depression and sleeping pills). Older people with chronic illnesses and people living alone are the highest risk group.
“Morning and evening are preferred for sports”
Dr. Dr. Yilmaz said: “Those who work outside should be careful not to expose themselves to the sun as much as possible, avoid excessive exercise and often eat watery foods that contain salt.
When outdoors, light colored, light, loose and tightly woven fabrics are preferred; a wide-brimmed hat with vents should be worn and sunglasses should be used to protect against the harmful rays of the sun. During the hours when the sun’s rays are steep (10 a.m.-4 p.m.), one should not swim in the sea and sunbathe. Those wishing to swim outside these hours should use sunscreen (with a protection factor of at least 15), take the necessary protective measures such as a hat and goggles, and do not sunbathe for a long time.
Morning and evening hours are preferable for intensive physical activity and sports, at least 2-4 glasses of liquid should be taken for every hour of exercise. Strenuous physical activity should be avoided. Adults and the elderly at risk should be checked for sun or sunstroke at least twice a day. The baby should be checked more often in this regard. Babies, children, the disabled and animals must never be left in closed and parked vehicles. The interior temperature of the vehicles rises very quickly after they are parked, even if there is air conditioning. When exiting the vehicle, make sure everyone gets out,” he advised.
Yılmaz pointed out that it is necessary to take a shower regularly so that the body temperature does not rise, and completed his statement as follows: “The feet, hands, face and neck should be moistened with cold water or wiped. Even if there is no feeling of thirst, at least 2-2.5 liters (12-14 glasses of water) per day Liquid should be consumed Low-fat cheeses, olives and fresh vegetables should be included at breakfast, instead of drinks containing caffeine, milk, fruit juice, linden and rose hip herbal tea is preferred Consumption of fatty foods and fried foods should be avoided and vegetable oils should be used in meals Deep frying while preparing meals Healthy cooking methods such as boiling, grilling, boiling instead of frying should use own juice or in little water.A lot of fruits and vegetables should be consumed to increase the body’s resistance and ensure that the body receives adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals.
To prevent fluid and mineral loss that increases with sweating, more fluid should be taken in than usual. While it is essential to drink water for fluid intake, drinks such as milk, ayran and fruit juice are preferable to coffee, tea and carbonated drinks for fluid intake without water. If fluid intake is restricted or diuretic medication is used by the doctor, it is necessary to consult the relevant doctor. Very cold and icy drinks are not preferred as they can cause stomach cramps. Drinks containing caffeine and large amounts of sugar should not be consumed, as they cause more fluid loss from the body. The consumption of food sold outdoors and in the open air should be avoided, food that can spoil quickly (meat, eggs, milk, fish, etc.) should not be kept in the open air, and hygiene rules should be observed during preparing and cooking food.