Wealth Philosophy | Basic concepts and questions
We have prepared a detailed article on the philosophy of existence. In this content you will find the definition of the philosophy of being, the basic concepts and information about the relationship with metaphysics.
What is Entity Philosophy?
The philosophy of existence is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature, properties, classification and relationships of existence. This discipline seeks to explain and understand existence by exploring the ways in which everything exists. The philosophy of being discusses the scope, limits, origin, evolution and ultimate purpose of being.
In Ancient Greek, on, meaning “to be” or “existence”, was formed by combining the word “ont” with “word”, “mind”, “speak”, “knowledge”. It is a branch of philosophy.
In the most general sense, it is ontology or ontology, which is considered a sub-branch of metaphysics, which examines the nature of existence and the existential structure of reality in the latter sense.
Basic concepts of the philosophy of being
The basic concepts used in this branch of philosophy help to explain existence. These concepts are often interrelated and understanding the meaning of one concept requires understanding other concepts as well. Here are the basic concepts for the philosophy of being:
Existence means everything that exists. This concept includes everything in the world: objects, events, ideas, thoughts, people, etc.
Essence refers to the qualities, properties and specificities of an entity. Essence are the various properties that distinguish an entity from other entities. For example, the characteristic of a flower, color, smell, shape, etc. it could.
The philosophy of being tries to separate the beings into different types. For example, this concept includes matter, mind, spirit, supernatural beings, abstract beings, objects, etc. can be divided into categories such as
Matter is the material of the physical world and objects. Matter, mass, volume, density, etc. has characteristics.
Form refers to the form, shape, structure and arrangement of an object. For example, the shape of a statue, the shape of a human being, etc.
Being and time
The philosophy of existence is also about the relationship of existence with time. This concept specifically explores the birth, development, change and extinction of creatures.
Being and Space
The philosophy of being is also about the area where the beings are and are in space. This concept specifically studies topics such as the displacement, movement, and position of objects.
Questions about existential philosophy
The topics that ontology, that is, the philosophy of being, generally deal with are the following:
- Does existence really exist?
- What is being in terms of philosophy?
- If there is one active, what exactly is it?
- Relationship between metaphysics and ontology
- Idealism in the philosophy of existence
- Fundamental questions of metaphysics about being
- Materialism in the Philosophy of Being
- The problem of existence
- Realism in the philosophy of existence
- What is nihilism (nihilism)?
- Monism and Dualism in the Philosophy of Being
- What is Taoism?
- What is Idealism?
- The problem of what existence is
- What is Materialism?
- What is Phenomenology?
- What is Dualism?
- What is realism (realism)?
- What is existence according to science?
Philosophy of being and knowledge
It can be said that existence knowledge is based on two main types of research. The first of these is, “Are there valid and valid fundamental principles worth proving the existence of all things?” It consists of general existential inquiries conducted to understand the nature of reality in accordance with the question.
On the other hand, the second type of existential inquiry corresponds to inquiry aimed at revealing “what the existent is in its ultimate sense” by providing answers that, in most cases, do not overlap with everyday world experiences.
Being for philosophy; physically, mentally or spiritually. The philosophy of being, that is, ontology, questions the existing things, their foundations and the bonds between the beings.
In this context the philosophy of existence; It aims to find the principles that govern the entire world of existence. The subject of philosophy is everything related to existence. Philosophy in that sense covers a very broad area. Some different meanings of “to be” are explained as follows:
- In philosophy, existence means “substance”. Substance, on the other hand, is that which needs nothing but itself in order to exist. Also for the content it is the permanent being in which changes take place.
- In philosophy he distinguishes between being real and being thinking.
- Ontology is a branch of philosophy that deals with the source, essence, qualities and categories of existence by considering itself.
- Ontology is a philosophical field that examines existence in micro-macro dimensions, in terms of quantity and quality, and in terms of formation and content.
- In the historical development, Descartes considered God, Hobbes matter, Spinoza God or nature, Marx matter and change, Dewey change and Satre man archae.
Philosophy of Being and Metaphysics
Philosophy of being and metaphysics are one of the most fundamental subjects of philosophy. These two philosophical branches try to understand existence, essence, universe and reality. However, there are also some differences between these two concepts.
Metaphysics is a subbranch of the philosophy of being. This discipline explores the nature and essence of reality. Metaphysics also explores the concepts used to understand existence. These concepts include essence, types of existence, causality, time, space, god, universe, etc. takes place.
The philosophy of being is a subbranch of metaphysics and examines existence, the universe and reality. This discipline studies what reality is like, what it is and the properties of existence. The philosophy of existence attempts to explain and understand existence based on metaphysical concepts.
Another difference is that metaphysics often focuses on abstract and speculative concepts. For example, abstract concepts such as the essence of a being or god are the main areas of study of metaphysics. On the other hand, ontology focuses on more concrete concepts and examines reality more closely. For example, an object’s existence, motion, or relationship to time can be included in the subtleties of the ontology.
Why is the philosophy of existence important?
The philosophy of existence is the most basic level of human effort to understand and explain the world. Therefore, ontology helps people understand themselves and the world. Moreover, ontology is associated with science, ethics and other philosophical disciplines and forms the basis for the studies of these disciplines.
What is the difference between philosophy of being and ontology?
Ontology is a branch of the philosophy of being and focuses on the concept of being. While ontology examines the nature, properties, classification and relationships of being, ontology also deals with other aspects of being besides ontology.
Who are the philosophers working in the philosophy of existence?
There are many philosophers working in the field of existential philosophy. Famous names are Aristotle, Plato, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Immanuel Kant, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
Which concepts are important in the philosophy of existence?
There are many concepts related to the philosophy of being, but the main ones are: being, cause, essence, time, space, subject, object, existence and reality.