What are economy cities according to their functions?

Cities are settlements that have arisen as a result of the settled life of people and have developed throughout history. Cities are settlements with more than 10 thousand inhabitants whose economy is based on non-agricultural activities and they show differences. Cities that vary according to their population and functions can be classified as economic, administrative, political and cultural.

According to their economic activities, cities can be classified as agriculture, commerce, ports, and industry. This article discusses Cities by Economic Functions and takes a closer look at agricultural cities, trading cities, port cities and industrial cities. Here are the cities according to their economic activities…

What is a city according to its economic functions? What are the types?

According to their economic activities, cities are settlements with more than 10 thousand inhabitants and whose economy is based on non-agricultural activities. Cities are often positioned as the main centers of the region and become a point of attraction for other settlements around them. This point of attraction is associated with the diversity and intensity of economic activities in the city.

According to its economic activities, the city is an important factor for the economic development of a country or region. Therefore, it is of great importance to diversify and develop the economic activities of cities, strengthen the country’s economy and ensure sustainable development.

1. Agricultural towns

Economy cities by function

Cities whose economy depends on agricultural products are called agricultural cities. Agricultural towns are towns formed by the development of villages and sub-districts, which are generally located in the most convenient place in terms of geographical conditions in rural areas and in the middle of transportation. These cities are important for the processing, storage, packaging, shipping and marketing of agricultural products.

Cities like Iğdır, Adana, Konya (Konya plain) and Samsun (Bafra and Çarşamba plain) stand out as agricultural towns in Turkey.

2. Trading Cities

Economy cities by function

Trade is an economic activity that has gained importance with people’s settled lives and seen throughout history, and it is necessary in the life of the society. Act literally; It is the activity of buying and selling various goods or services whether retail or wholesale. Commercial cities are governed by the activities of collecting, sending, distributing and collecting.

Cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana and Mersin stand out as trading cities in Turkey. In addition, the main purpose of the free zones established in Turkey is to develop foreign trade. İzmir Aliağa, Yumurtalık Adana and Mersin Free Zone are examples of these cities.

3. Port cities

Economy cities by function

Harbors are places on the coast that are protected from storms by natural means or by surf. The trading functions of the port cities are generally in the forefront and are major centers of international trade.

Cities such as Izmir, Istanbul, Mersin, Iskenderun, Samsun and Trabzon stand out as port cities in Turkey. İzmir, where a significant part of our exports take place, is the most important of the port cities. Istanbul is an important port city for imports.

4. Industrial cities

Economy cities by function

Industrial cities are settlements where underground and aboveground raw materials are processed and formed, and where human power is replaced by construction equipment. They are manufacturing cities where raw or semi-processed materials are processed and made usable. Industrial cities are an important factor for economic growth and contribute to the country’s economy.

Cities such as Kocaeli, İzmir, Bursa, Adana and Gaziantep are among the important industrial cities in Turkey. Kocaeli is one of the most important cities in Turkey in terms of industry and is an important center in the automotive and metal sectors in particular.

What are Agricultural Towns?

Cities whose economy depends on agricultural products. They are important for the processing, storage, packaging, transportation and marketing of agricultural products.

Which cities are called trading cities?

Cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana and Mersin stand out as trading cities.

What are Port Cities?

Harbors are places on the coast that are protected from storms by natural means or by surf. Port cities are generally important centers for international trade and cities such as Izmir, Istanbul, Mersin, Iskenderun, Samsun and Trabzon stand out as port cities.

What are industrial cities?

Industrial cities are settlements where underground and aboveground raw materials are processed and formed, and where human power is replaced by construction equipment. Cities such as Kocaeli, İzmir, Bursa, Adana and Gaziantep are among the important industrial cities.

For what purpose were free zones established?

The main purpose of free zones is to develop foreign trade.

Which cities have free zones?

In Turkey, there are free zones in cities such as İzmir Aliağa, Yumurtalık Adana and Mersin Free Zone.

What is the main export port?

The port of Izmir, where a significant part of our export takes place, is one of the most important ports.

Which cities are known as important industrial cities?

Cities such as Kocaeli, İzmir, Bursa, Adana and Gaziantep are among the important industrial cities in Turkey.

Which cities are known as trade and port city at the same time?

Istanbul is one of Turkey’s most important trading cities and is also an important port city. İzmir has the distinction of being both a commercial and port city.

In which cities does the automotive sector have an important place in the industrial sector?

The automotive sector occupies an important place in the industrial sector in Turkey, especially in cities such as Bursa and Kocaeli.

Which cities lead the tourism industry?

Cities such as Antalya, Istanbul, Izmir and Muğla lead the tourism industry in Turkey.

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