What are Genetic Diseases? List of genetic diseases…

What are Genetic Diseases?

Genetic diseases are known as DNA-related disorders. There are 46 chromosomes in the human body. Chromosomes are made up of DNA in which genes are carried. If the condition affects a chromosome, it is referred to as a chromosomal abnormality.

If the resulting abnormality affects a single DNA gene, it is called a mutation. It is known that the occurring mutations can cause dysfunctions in the body.

Diseases can occur due to mutation of a single gene or mutation of multiple genes. For genetic diseases to develop, the child must inherit the same gene from both parents. It is possible to say that genetic diseases are not contagious.

List of genetic diseases

Genetic diseases arise from damage to DNA. It should be noted that the genetic disorders observed are not contagious.







sickle cell disease,


types of cancer and

Down syndrome is one of the hereditary diseases.

Most common genetic diseases

Hemophilia: It is a condition that generally affects boys. It is a hereditary hemorrhagic disorder caused by a deficiency of the clotting factor.

Menkes: It’s a genetic disorder that causes severe psychomotor impairment. It occurs due to the disruption of copper transport in the cells.

Myopathies: It is a condition that causes muscle weakness. It is known that it can also cause heart and breathing problems.

Prevalence: It is known as prevalence. Overall, it is possible to say that many newborns may have a genetic defect or congenital abnormality.

Cystinosis: It is known to be a condition that can affect the kidneys more intensely. It can be said to be a condition caused by the accumulation of cystine, called an amino acid, in the cells of certain organs.

Albinism: It is a condition caused by a hereditary defect. It is a genetic condition caused by a lack of melanin.

Sickle Cell Disease: It is known as a genetic blood disorder. It is possible to say that it is caused by a problem in the transport of oxygen to the tissues in hemoglobin, which is contained in the red blood cells. It can also be said to be a condition that tends to block blood vessels.

Can genetic diseases be treated?

It is possible to treat some genetic diseases. In particular, it can be argued that the mutation, which is seen as responsible for the onset of cancer, can affect single cells. It is possible to say that some genetic diseases are not inherited. It can be argued that the mutation, which is effective in causing cancer, affects a few cells in the body and is not hereditary.

It is known that each disease has a unique method of treatment. However, some genetic diseases cannot be cured. It is possible to say that there are treatment methods that can only be applied to slow down the course of the disease for such genetic disorders.

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