Anxiety is a normal reaction that everyone can experience at certain times. A certain amount of fear is natural, even necessary; It is a mechanism that functions to protect and activate the person against danger or threat. Many people experience anxiety when they are about to be run over by a car, waiting at the exam door, before speaking in public, on the first day of school, on a first date with someone special, or at the start of a new and different activity . The goal is to ensure that life is harmonious and balanced. For this reason, a person’s anxiety experiences should not always be viewed as a symptom of an illness.
In contrast, people with intense fear give inappropriate and exaggerated reactions to events and facts that are disproportionate to the danger. Thoughts are future-oriented; it often portends disaster and contains mental images of danger. For example; Someone who is afraid of speaking in front of a crowd asks before speaking, “What if I forget the notes I took?” “If I mix up the words?” can think of. He can imagine bewildered in front of the crowd.
What Are the Symptoms of Anxiety?
Situations in which the person experiences fear; tension, anticipation, difficulty concentrating, restlessness and irritability, as well as dry mouth, palpitations, hot flashes, shortness of breath, nervousness, headache, dizziness, tremor, muscle tension, upset stomach, diarrhea or constipation, frequent urination Physiological symptoms such as cold sweats may also accompany.
What Are the Causes of Anxiety?
There is no one cause of fear. It can develop due to the interaction of many genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors.
Family research into anxiety disorders has found data showing that there is a genetic predisposition. First-degree relatives of patients with anxiety disorders were more likely to have anxiety disorders than others.
In addition to citing a hereditary predisposition, biochemical studies have concluded that an increase or decrease in adrenaline noradrenaline, caffeine, carbon dioxide, and serotonin levels is associated with anxiety disorders. In addition, anxiety has been observed to occur artificially in the person with the concentration of some neurochemicals such as sodium and lactate.
Anxiety can also be caused by mental illnesses such as ending a relationship, violent fights, the loss of a loved one, and factors such as excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, or a frightening or distressing event.
How often and in whom does anxiety occur?
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental disorders. Looking at the studies, we see that the lifetime prevalence is between 10% and 25%. It is twice as common in women than in men. The disease usually begins in childhood and the transition period to adulthood.