Tooth decay is caused by bacteria and other things. It can occur when foods containing carbohydrates (sugar and starch) are left on the teeth. Such foods include milk, soda, raisins, candies, cakes, juices, cereals, and breads. Bacteria that normally live in the mouth make acids by altering these foods. The combination of bacteria, food, acid and saliva creates a substance called plaque that sticks to the teeth. Over time, acids produced by bacteria attack tooth enamel, causing cavities. Which children are at risk for dental caries? All children have bacteria in their mouths. All children are therefore at risk of tooth decay. But the following can increase your child’s risk: High levels of bacteria that cause cavities. A diet rich in sugar and starch. Water source with limited or no fluoride. Poor oral hygiene. Less salivation than normal. Why do teeth break in children? The following are common ways tooth decay and cavities develop. But the decline can be a little different for each child. White spots begin to form on the teeth in the affected areas. These stains mean that the teeth are starting to deteriorate. They can cause premature sensitivity in the teeth. A hole forms in the tooth. It has a light brown color. The chasm is getting deeper. It turns a darker shade of brown to black. Tooth decay and caries symptoms vary from child to child. Cavities don’t always cause symptoms. However, your child may feel:
Pain in the area around the tooth. Sensitivity to certain foods, such as sweets and hot or cold drinks. How is dental caries in children treated? Treatment depends on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. In most cases, treatment consists of removing the affected part of the tooth and replacing it with a filling. Fillings are materials placed in teeth to repair damage caused by tooth decay. These are also called restorations. How can I prevent tooth decay in my child? You can help prevent your child’s tooth decay with these simple steps: Start brushing your child’s teeth as soon as the first tooth erupts.
Brush teeth, tongue and gums twice a day with fluoride toothpaste or watch your child brush their teeth. For children under 3 years old, use a small amount of toothpaste, about the size of a grain of rice. From the age of 3, your child can use toothpaste the size of a pea. Floss your child’s teeth every day from the age of 2. Make sure your child has a balanced diet. Limit sticky and sugary snacks such as chips, candy, cookies and cake. Prevent bacteria from passing from your mouth to your child’s mouth by not sharing utensils. Do not clean your baby’s pacifier with your saliva. If your child uses a bottle before bed, just put water in it. Fruit juice or formula contains sugars that can lead to tooth decay. Schedule routine dental cleanings and checkups for your child every 6 months.