What is 1 Year Vaccine? When should this be done at the latest? Are there side effects?
What is 1 Year Vaccine?
The 1-year vaccine is one of the vaccines included in the infant vaccination calendar. The KPA VACCINE, which is administered to 1-year-old infants, is also known as the pneumonia vaccine. The vaccine is given by intramuscular injection from the baby’s leg or arm. If this vaccine has been given in previous periods and the baby has had an allergic reaction to the vaccine, the vaccine will not be given.
What is KPA vaccine and what is it used for?
One of the vaccines that is very important for babies is the KPA vaccine. It is a vaccine that has been administered since May 2008 as part of the research that prevents babies from getting pneumonia and started with the slogan “babies no longer have pneumonia” of the Ministry of Health.
This vaccine, also called a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, is one of the vaccines administered to protect children against pneumonia. Especially in early childhood, the KPA vaccine is administered to infants against the possibility of pneumonia.
What are the side effects of the 1-year vaccination?
While any vaccine can cause side effects in babies, some babies do not have these side effects. There are vaccines that are recommended to be made with caution against babies who show allergic reactions, or some vaccines may not be given despite babies’ reaction. The KPA vaccine is one of the vaccines that has not been given to babies against allergic reactions at previous doses. Not every vaccine can be expected to have the same side effects in every baby. For this reason, the side effects of the KPA vaccine in infants are generally as follows:
Pain or swelling at the needle site: The pain or swelling here usually goes away between 24-48 hours after vaccination. For this reason, it is considered appropriate to give painkillers calpol and similar syrups to babies.
Weakness and drowsiness after vaccination: Infants may experience fatigue and drowsiness after vaccination due to muscle pain. This is one of the normal situations in babies.
Fever after vaccination: One of the most common side effects in babies after 1 year of vaccination is fever. It is normal to have a fever 24-72 hours after vaccination. In this case, it is considered normal to give antipyretics every 6 hours according to the weight and age of the baby. However, if the fever persists for more than 72 hours in this process, it is not related to the vaccine. For this reason, babies with a fever of more than 72 hours should be shown to a doctor.
Swelling in the area of application: It is normal for babies to have swelling after vaccination. It is expected to go away on its own within a day or two.
Bath after vaccination: There is no harm in taking a bath after vaccination to reduce fever in infants. However, only babies with a tuberculosis vaccine are not bathed within 48-72 hours.
When should the 1-year vaccination be given at the latest?
It is very important to make vaccinations in time to ensure the immune system in the baby’s body and prevent the baby’s body from being open to microbes. Otherwise, my baby may encounter germs and develop diseases, and the situation may become infected. In infants who cannot be vaccinated for various reasons; For example, if the baby is sick, the vaccination should be done immediately after the baby’s illness ends.
Who are the people who need to be vaccinated?
People with active disease and those with weakened immune systems should not be vaccinated. Vaccination is one of the conditions that prevent millions of people from becoming ill and dying from it. For this reason, it is very important to vaccinate to protect public health.
Individuals regarding the vaccination of infants should receive detailed information from their physicians and health professionals caring for the infant. It is important to get information about the baby’s development and the reactions that can occur to the vaccine, especially from the health care workers who take care of their babies for a long time. Vaccination is a very important condition for a healthy society. The more unvaccinated children there are, the more public health is threatened. For this reason, it is very important to vaccinate according to the vaccination schedule and not to skip the vaccination period.