Lung infection is a lower respiratory tract disease caused by a variety of causes. Bacteria or viruses that collect and increase in the lungs cause this disease. Inflammation occurs in the liver and the person begins to have breathing problems. After contracting the disease, fever, chest pain and cough are seen due to infection.
If there is no serious infection, the symptoms will go away on their own over time. But sometimes the disease progresses or is severe. Or the person suffering from the disease may be of advanced age or have a chronic illness. In this case, the process can continue until hospitalization. People with a chronic illness should consult a doctor.
What Causes Lung Infection?
In a lung infection, the virus or bacteria settles in the lung and continues to progress there. It is one of the most common diseases in the winter months. The transmission rate of the disease is also very high. It is transmitted to the people around by coughing. If the microbe that causes this disease hangs in the air for a certain amount of time, it increases the rate of transmission. In addition, those who come into contact with microbes that have descended to the surface can contract the disease.
There are also some types of this disease. It is generally seen as 3 types. These types are as follows;
Pneumonia: Pneumonia can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or infection. As a result of the infection, the vesicles in the lungs become inflamed. As a result of this inflammation, fluid forms in the lungs. In this case, oxygen cannot mix with the blood and cannot reach other organs.
Acute Bronchitis: It can occur due to bacteria or virus. It is caused by viruses that cause the flu. It is an inflammation of the bronchi that carry air to the lungs.
Bronchiolitis: It is a more common condition in young babies. It can be repaired with care. But it negatively affects the appetite of babies and causes shortness of breath.
Symptoms of lung infection
There are some symptoms that occur with a lung infection. These symptoms are:
● high fever
● Sweating and weakness
● Persistent cough
● Difficulty breathing
● Chest pain caused by coughing
● Change in heart rhythm
● Joint pain in the body
If you experience one or more of these symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately. The doctor will reveal the diagnosis of the disease with his examinations.
How is a lung infection treated?
With breath test, x-ray, blood samples, the disease is fully diagnosed. After the doctor makes the diagnosis, the treatment process begins. Antibiotics are used in the treatment process. If there is a bacterial infection, there will be no recovery without antibiotics. Antibiotics should be taken in the doses and for the time indicated by the doctor. It will not be effective if not used regularly.
In addition, since there is a fever in the body, antipyretic should be used. In addition, analgesics and cough medicines may be used depending on the patient’s level of pain. These are all drugs that should be taken according to the doctor’s advice. Sometimes it is possible to give serum in an advanced stage of the disease. Antibiotics may need to be administered intravenously.
If the person has breathing problems, oxygen support can be given. The healing process of the disease can vary depending on the strength of the immune system, age and general health of the person. Some people can overcome the disease by resting and eating a balanced diet. In some cases, the disease can recur. The reasons for this are;
● Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption
● Not using antibiotics regularly
● Person is not getting enough rest
● Chronic diseases
● old age
● Weak immune system
● Not paying attention to hygienic conditions
● Unbalanced and unhealthy diet
To prevent the disease, it is necessary to pay attention to nutrition. In addition, people can get vaccinated to prevent recurrence of the disease.