What is a spiral, what are the types, how is it used?

What is Spiral?

The coil is a small, T-shaped device that is often preferred among birth control methods. It is usually placed in the uterus and provides long-term contraception. The IUD releases a hormone called levonorgestrel, a type of progesterone that does not contain estrogen, or it prevents pregnancy by using copper.

Since the coil is a long-term contraceptive method, it is less likely to cause user error compared to other contraceptive methods. Spiral also contains lower doses of hormones compared to hormonal birth control methods, so hormonal side effects are less. The spiral is also a contraceptive method that can be removed when it is decided to become pregnant.

In most cases, the IUD is placed by a healthcare provider and requires special handling. After the coil is inserted, it usually provides contraception for 3 to 12 years, but the duration may vary depending on the type of coil.

In short, the spiral is a reliable and long-lasting method of contraception. However, it is important to consult a doctor before use, as the best method of contraception may be different for every woman.

What are the spiral types?

The spiral method of birth control is a method used by women to prevent pregnancy. It is a device that is placed in the uterus and provides long-term protection. Since the IUD is a device that is placed in the uterus, it must be placed correctly and checked regularly to prevent women from becoming pregnant. Spiral types include hormonal and non-hormonal options. Here is more information about spiral types:

Hormone Spiral

The hormonal coil is a device that releases the hormone progesterone. Hormones prevent the passage of sperm by thickening the cervical mucus and thinning the endometrium, preventing pregnancy. The hormone spiral is effective for a period of 3 to 5 years and can reduce menstrual bleeding or stop it completely.

Hormone-free coil

The hormone-free coil is a device made of copper that sticks to the uterine lining, preventing sperm movement. Copper is a natural spermicide and prevents pregnancy. The hormone-free IUD works for 5 to 10 years and can make menstrual bleeding worse.

How is the spiral applied?


The spiral is one of the methods of contraception and it is a method that women often prefer for contraception. The coil is a small device that is placed in the uterus and provides long-term contraception. The spiral application is a procedure performed by a healthcare professional and is a very simple method.

During the spiral application, the cervix is ​​first numbed with local anesthesia. Then a thin tube or applicator is used through the cervix to reach the uterine cavity where the coil is inserted. The coil is removed from the applicator and placed in the uterine cavity and the applicator is withdrawn. The spiral application is usually completed in a few minutes.

After the spiral application, women may feel a slight pain and experience bleeding or cramping. However, these symptoms are usually mild and disappear within a few days.

During the application of the coil, it is very important to insert the selected coil in the correct size, depending on the coil type and the woman’s uterine structure. For this reason, spiral application should be done by a health professional.

Who can Spiral be applied to?


The spiral method of birth control is a method commonly used to provide birth control. However, every woman’s body structure and health condition is different, so spiral application may not be suitable for every woman. Here is the answer to the question of whom the spiral can be applied to:

Women who have given birth: The spiral is more commonly used in women who have given birth before. Because the cervix is ​​wider, it is easier to insert an IUD. However, the use of spirals is also possible in women who have not given birth.

Women eligible for birth control: The coil should not be used if the woman has a sexually transmitted disease or an infection in the uterus. Also, women with a history of uterine cancer should not use IUDs. In such cases, women should use other methods of contraception.

Women with regular menstrual cycles: During the coil application fewer complications are seen in women with a regular menstrual cycle. Women with an irregular menstrual cycle should consult a doctor before using the IUD.

Women without bleeding disorders: After the coil application, women may experience an increase in bleeding. Therefore, women with bleeding disorders should consult their doctor before using an IUD.

Women who are compatible with hormonal drugs: Hormonal imbalances can hinder the use of IUDs. Women who experience hormonal imbalance should consult their doctor and have a hormonal test before using the IUD.

What are the points of attention after using the spiral?


The spiral contraceptive method is used as a long-term contraceptive method. Since the protective property lasts long after the coil has been attached, there are a number of points to consider before and after use.

Before the coil is inserted, a gynecological examination must first be performed. During this exam, important information is obtained, such as the size and shape of your uterus, the presence of an infection or disease. In addition, information is given about contraceptive methods.

After the IUD has been inserted, some changes may occur in your body during the first few months. In particular, the amount and duration of menstrual bleeding can vary. In addition, in some women with a spiral implant, menstrual bleeding may stop completely.

One of the most important things to consider after using the IUD is the risk of infection. The risk of infection increases after the IUD is inserted, so using a condom during intercourse can reduce the risk of infection. You should also contact your doctor immediately if you notice any signs of infection, especially increased pain during menstruation or a foul-smelling discharge.

Women who wear an IUD should have periodic gynecological examinations and make sure that the position of the IUD is correct. If a problem such as spiral slippage is noticed, a doctor should be consulted immediately.

Women who wear an IUD should see a doctor immediately if they notice symptoms such as pain, abdominal cramping, or abnormal vaginal bleeding. In addition, the possibility of pregnancy should not be ignored after the coil has been inserted and if unexpected pregnancy symptoms are noticed, a doctor should be consulted immediately.

What are the side effects of Spiral?


An IUD is a small T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus and is often used for birth control. Using an IUD is a viable option for many women because of its high effectiveness. However, some women may experience various side effects after using the IUD. Here are some common side effects associated with the IUD:

Cramp: After using the IUD, women often experience mild cramps. This cramp usually lasts during the insertion of the IUD and for several days. The severity of the cramp can vary from person to person.

bleed: Irregular or heavy bleeding may occur after using the IUD. This may continue as the IUD is placed and for several months. However, some women may experience lighter periods or stop their periods altogether after using the IUD.

Infection: There may be a risk of infection during or after the IUD insertion procedure. Symptoms may include excessive vaginal discharge, fever, abdominal pain, and pain during intercourse.

Spiral Shift: It is also possible that the spiral is placed incorrectly or that the spiral slips off during insertion. This usually causes pain and bleeding and may need to be removed.

Ectopic Pregnancy: The use of an IUD significantly reduces the chance of pregnancy. However, if you do become pregnant, the pregnancy may be outside the uterus. This condition is considered a serious medical emergency.

How long does the spiral protect?

After the coil is attached, it provides protection between 5-10 years. However, it must be renewed every 5 years. Although it is an effective method of protection, there are also people who become pregnant while the IUD is on. It should be noted that whatever birth control is, it is not 100% effective.

Who can have the IUD fitted and when?

People who have given birth can receive a coil implant 40 days after birth. In people who are not pregnant, it should be worn towards the end of menstruation during menstruation. In addition, people who do not have an infection, do not have a sexually transmitted disease and do not want to become pregnant for a certain period of time can also get an IUD. There is no such thing as the spiral staying for 5 years. It can be removed at any time.

Who can’t get an IUD

AIDS patients, Women at risk of pregnancy, People who have problems with heart valves, People who are allergic to coil material or copper, People with uterine cancer or at risk cannot have coils.

What kind of complaints are seen after the IUD has been inserted?

Spasmodic pain may occur. It will appear for the first two months and then disappear. There are no other obvious complaints in people with spirals.

What are the side effects of the IUD?

People who wear an IUD may experience increased bleeding and menstrual cramps. Vaginal discharge or infection may also occur.

In what cases should you go to the doctor while the spiral is attached?

If menstruation is delayed, severe bleeding, severe abdominal pain and cramps, fever and chills, foul-smelling discharge occur, if the partner feels the spiral during intercourse, a doctor should be consulted.

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