Antidepressants do have side effects, but they are usually mild and temporary. The benefits of antidepressants far outweigh their side effects. However, in case of side effects, it is important to contact your doctor.
What is an Antidepressant?
Antidepressants are medications used to treat depression and other mental health disorders. Depression is a mood that occurs as a result of life’s challenges, loss, trauma or chemical imbalances. Symptoms of depression can include sadness, helplessness, hopelessness, lack of energy, anxiety, trouble sleeping, changes in appetite, and difficulty concentrating.
Antidepressants help correct chemical imbalances in the brain. Proper functioning of neurotransmitters in the brain, especially brain chemicals such as serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine, is important in the prevention and treatment of depression. Antidepressants relieve the symptoms of depression by changing the balance of these chemicals in the brain.
Antidepressants fall into different classes and work in different ways. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) work by increasing serotonin levels in the brain. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) increase serotonin and norepinephrine levels. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) work by increasing levels of serotonin and norepinephrine while altering the actions of other chemicals. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) increase levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine by inhibiting the enzyme monoamine oxidase in the brain.
The effect of antidepressants is usually felt within a few weeks. However, everyone’s response can be different, and the dosage and type of antidepressant can vary depending on the individual situation and symptoms. In addition, antidepressants alone are not enough and are often used in conjunction with psychotherapy, exercise, and other lifestyle changes.
What you need to know when taking antidepressants
Antidepressants have now become a drug that people recommend to each other at home. In particular, the number of people purchasing these drugs from pharmacies that, in their discretion, are completely independent of a doctor’s control has increased significantly. Neurology departments prescribe antidepressants for even the simplest headache. However, since they are not followed, a problematic period of use arises.
1. These drugs cannot be a trial
We have to be very careful when taking antidepressants that are used in substance use, anxiety, mental disorders, impulse control disorders. Taking an overdose also increases side effects. Taking less, i.e. an insufficient dose, than the disease requires does not bring any benefit to the disease. Therefore, these drugs should be used under the supervision of a psychiatrist and constant monitoring. These drugs are under the control of a doctor for a certain period of time and should not be used according to people’s preference. In other words, we can go off antidepressants for 2 months and then start again whenever we want.
2. Not addictive
Antidepressants are safer than many medications. It is beneficial when used in the correct dose and time. Contrary to popular belief, they are not addictive. If you don’t drink, you don’t have the urge to drink. You can’t enjoy it right away like with substance use. If you suddenly stop taking the drug, the brain cannot adapt to it and it is certainly not an addiction. This is what is medically referred to as the “cut mark”. You should stop taking the drug gradually, not all at once.
3. Don’t drink to get high
It’s not drugs that make you high and happy. However, it helps people who are unhappy or anxious to feel more at ease by calming the symptoms of illness. It is a fact that people who do not have a mental health problem experience the side effects of antidepressants instead of feeling good when they take them!
4. Does not cure anesthesia
It’s not a narcotic. They do not have an immediate effect like drugs, it is necessary to wait a few weeks for improvement. Antidepressants positively change brain chemistry and treat a person’s illness. But it’s not always something that will improve. This is the same as physical illness. For example, the cold medicine you drink when you have the flu doesn’t cure your flu or the painkiller you take when you have a headache doesn’t help, etc. The antidepressant treatment is the same.
5. It doesn’t change your personality
Antidepressants do nothing to change your personality. However, these drugs can reduce your panic by calming your depression and anxiety by having positive effects on your temperament. When you are mentally relaxed, physical complaints can also arise that can even stress you out.
How does an antidepressant work?
Antidepressants are medications used in the treatment of mental disorders such as depression. Antidepressants relieve symptoms of depression by helping to correct chemical imbalances in the brain. A full explanation of how antidepressants work has yet to be made. However, research shows that antidepressants relieve symptoms of depression by changing the levels of neurotransmitters in nerve cells in the brain.
Neurotransmitters are chemicals that allow nerve cells in the brain to communicate with each other. Neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine are important neurotransmitters that influence human mood and behavior. Depression can occur due to an imbalance of these neurotransmitters. Antidepressants relieve the symptoms of depression by increasing or decreasing the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) work by increasing serotonin levels in the brain. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) increase both serotonin and norepinephrine levels. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) work by increasing levels of serotonin and norepinephrine while altering the actions of other chemicals. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) increase levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine by inhibiting the enzyme monoamine oxidase in the brain.
What Are the Side Effects of Antidepressants?
Antidepressants are medications used in the treatment of mental disorders such as depression. Antidepressants are known to relieve the symptoms of depression by correcting chemical imbalances in the brain. However, antidepressants can cause some side effects.
The side effects of antidepressants can vary from person to person. While some people do not experience any side effects, some people may experience mild or severe side effects. However, often the side effects of antidepressants are less important than the benefits of treatment.
The most common side effects of antidepressants are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, headache, dizziness, insomnia, weakness, dry mouth, sweating, and tremors. Sexual dysfunction, weight gain or loss, memory problems, blurred vision, heart palpitations, blood pressure changes, anxiety, and agitation can also occur as a result of antidepressants.
In particular, side effects of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are more common, such as sexual dysfunction, weight gain or loss, memory problems, and sleep disturbances. However, the severity and duration of side effects depend on the dose and duration of the drug and personal factors.
Who are antidepressants suitable for?
Antidepressants are medications used to treat depression and other mental health disorders. However, antidepressants are not suitable for everyone. Before starting any antidepressant treatment, it is important to talk to a doctor.
Antidepressants are usually recommended for people experiencing symptoms of severe or moderate depression. Antidepressants relieve the symptoms of depression by correcting chemical imbalances in the brain. It should be noted, however, that antidepressants only relieve symptoms, they do not solve the underlying problems.
While some conditions, conditions, or medications exist for taking antidepressants, taking antidepressants is not recommended. Antidepressants are not suitable for people who:
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women: Antidepressants may have adverse effects on the fetus or infant. Therefore, pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult their doctor before taking antidepressants.
- Under 18s: Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicide in under 18s. Therefore, the use of antidepressants should only be considered if other treatments have failed or if symptoms are severe.
- People taking certain medications: Antidepressants can interact with some medications and cause serious side effects. For this reason, it is important that you tell your doctor about all your current medications before taking antidepressants.
- Those with certain medical conditions: Antidepressants may worsen the symptoms of certain medical conditions or interfere with treatment. For example, antidepressants should not be used in certain conditions, such as heart disease or epilepsy.
It is important to see a doctor to determine the appropriateness of antidepressants. The doctor will evaluate the patient’s symptoms, review their health history, and check for interactions with other medications.
In what situations are antidepressants used?
Antidepressants are used to treat depression, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other mental disorders.
How long do antidepressants work?
The duration of action of antidepressants can vary from person to person. Usually the full effect of antidepressants occurs within 4 to 6 weeks. However, in some people the effect may be faster or slower.
What side effects can antidepressants cause?
The side effects of antidepressants can vary from person to person. The most common side effects are insomnia, dry mouth, nausea, dizziness and sexual dysfunctions. However, serious side effects are rare.
Is long-term use of antidepressants safe?
There is no definitive information on the safety of long-term use of antidepressants. However, doctors often recommend taking antidepressants on a regular basis to make sure symptoms are under control. If you are concerned about taking antidepressants for a long time, it is recommended that you talk to your doctor.