What is Cartoon Art? History, types and characteristics

Drawings describing topics suitable for the agenda in harsh and entertaining language are called caricatures. You can keep reading our article to learn more about cartoons.

What is a cartoon?

Caricature is a form of drawing that tells people about the subjects it deals with in a humorous and critical way. In a sense, it is the meaning of images. The word caricature has passed into our language from French. The first known cartoons in history were written by Leonardo da Vinci. In addition, Gian Lorenzo Bernini has been one of the building blocks of caricature art. This art has grown and is emerging in Italy and France.

What are the characteristics of cartoon art?

What is Cartoon Art?

Cartoon art is an important form of art that changes the way people see and understand the world. Developed over the centuries, the art of caricature is still popular and used as a common tool to address social, cultural and political issues. These are the characteristics of the cartoon.

  • It’s a kind of art.
  • It falls under the category of drawing and line art.
  • It can be made in black and white or in color.
  • There may be subtle accents in the cartoon.
  • Swearing, insults and vulgar language are not allowed in the cartoons.
  • Short and concise ideas are reflected in the photos.
  • Humor is spoken.
  • Bitter messages are given.
  • When drawing cartoons, it is necessary to do it in an unbiased and original way.
  • It’s both hilarious and over the top.
  • It gives thought provoking messages.
  • The cartoon does not depict all the details of the event, only the prominent events are discussed.

Cartoon types

Animated movie

Caricature is a branch of art that humorously describes the events we see or experience in everyday life. These are the types of this artificial branch:

1. Political caricature

Cartoons about political events, leaders or political parties. Such cartoons are usually made in a critical and humorous language. Political cartoons are used to raise awareness of social and political issues and to make people think.

2. Humorous caricature

They are cartoons that deal with events, situations or relationships in everyday life in a humorous way. Such cartoons are usually created to make you laugh and provide readers with an enjoyable reading experience.

3. Character Caricature

They are cartoons that emphasize the physical features and behavior of the characters. Such cartoons are usually created to describe the characters used in cartoons or animated films.

4. Social caricature

They are cartoons about social events or social problems. Such cartoons are usually made to criticize the wrong behavior in the society and to raise awareness of the society.

5. Sports Caricature

They are cartoons about sporting events and athletes. Such cartoons are generally used to make jokes about sporting events, to emphasize the characteristics of athletes or to generate interest in sports.

6. Cartoon Comics

It is a series of short cartoons published in newspapers or magazines. Such cartoons tell a short story, usually consisting of 3-4 images, and provide readers with an enjoyable reading experience.

Definition and history of cartoon art

Cartoon history

Caricature is the art of expressing current events and character traits of people through cartoons. This type of art can be used to critically address current issues and can occasionally be mixed with political or social messages. Cartoons are usually published through media such as print publications, magazines, newspapers, books and websites.

The origin of the cartoon dates back to the Middle Ages. However, caricature in the modern sense was developed in England in the 18th century. The first cartoons dealt with current issues that were popular with the public and often contained political messages. By the mid-19th century, cartoons began to reach a wider audience through print publications and this increased the popularity of cartoon art.

At the beginning of the 20th century, caricature art took on a new dimension thanks to developments in painting and illustration techniques. The cartoons continued to be used for both political and entertainment publications. During the world wars, cartoons were also used as a means of propaganda.

Cartoon in Turkey

What is Cartoon Art?

The art of caricature began to grow with the widespread circulation of magazines in the last years of the Ottoman Empire. Especially technological developments in the field of printing have had a positive effect on caricature art. Among the cartoonists of the period; We can count Opçandassis, Santr, Nişan Berberyan and Ali Fuat Bey. During this period, Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire made studies by pursuing the art of caricature. Subsequently, names such as Cemil Cem, Sedat Nuri İleri, Mehmet Baha and Münir Osman have done successful work in the art of caricature.

Caricature Art in the Republican Era

What is Cartoon Art?

Simplification in drawing caricatures became widespread in the Republican period. Details began to be ignored. The written messages in the cartoon further increased readers’ interest in this area. In this process, which continued until the end of the 1940s, cartoon exhibitions and albums were created. Names like Cemal Nadir Güler, Münif Fehim Özarman, Ramiz Gökçe, Salih Erimez became the leaders of the period in this field. Selma Emiroğlu, another cartoonist of that time, is known as our first female cartoonist.

Caricature today

What is Cartoon Art?

Currently, caricature is one of the most common arts in our country. Today, caricature has evolved and has become an art field that is followed and admired everywhere. Caricatures can be drawn on almost any subject. However, cartoons inspired by political, social and sports fields attract more attention. Exhibitions and competitions are held in the field of cartoons, which are the focus of many people’s attention. In addition, cartoon pages in newspapers and magazines began to take up more space and attract attention. The leading figures of contemporary cartoonism are: Umut Sarıkaya, Yiğit Özgür, Selçuk Erdem, Behiç Ak, Aldülkadir Elçioğlu, Ersin Karabulut.

Why are cartoons important?

In addition to addressing social issues and criticism, cartoons are also important as a way to make people laugh through humor. Cartoons are also considered an art form that encourages creativity and makes people think. Cartoons can also contribute to open-minded discussions in society by criticizing political leaders, celebrities, or other community leaders.

Is there any special skill required to draw cartoons?

A special skill may be required to draw cartoons, but anyone can learn it. The main thing that is needed for drawing cartoons is the ability to observe and select details. Also, many cartoonists use a humorous approach when dealing with their characters or subjects.

How do you become a cartoonist?

Those who want to learn how to draw cartoons can take advantage of a variety of resources. These include cartoon courses or workshops, various drawing books, or resources on the Internet. A good way to draw cartoons is also to study the work of other cartoonists.

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