What is Conscientious Objection? Causes and human rights

Conscientious objection is the refusal to serve in the military because of one’s moral preferences, religious beliefs, or political views. It is argued that refraining from military service for conscientious or religious reasons is a right seen as freedom of conscience.

What is Conscientious Objection?

Conscientious objection is when citizens of a country object to military service imposed on them because of their conscientious or religious beliefs. This concept originated in different ways in different societies and in different time periods. However, a common point is that there is an objection based on the conscience or religious beliefs of individuals.

The right to conscientious objection occupies an important place in the context of human rights. In many countries, citizens have the right to opt out of military service. This right applies especially in peacetime, where military service is not compulsory. In times of war, however, this right can often be limited.

The right to conscientious objection enables individuals to listen to their own conscience and to resist a duty imposed on them. The exercise of the right of conscientious objection by individuals is a barrier to government mandates for military service, even when governments attempt to fulfill military service by force. In addition, the right to conscientious objection contributes to the freedom of individuals to express themselves.

Reasons for conscientious objection

conscientious objection

Conscientious objection is when a person refuses to participate in military service and explains this decision for conscientious or religious reasons. These reasons often relate to attitudes towards war, military action or armed conflict, or beliefs about peaceful nonviolent solutions. The reasons for conscientious objection can vary depending on the beliefs of the person and the values ​​of the society in which he lives.

  • Religious beliefs are one of the most common reasons for conscientious objection.
  • In some religions, military service is considered a form of killing, and conscientious objectors therefore refuse to participate in that service because of their religious beliefs.
  • In Christianity, the principle of “peaceful solutions” is advocated, which is why Christians can conscientiously refuse to participate in military service.
  • Being anti-war, against all forms of violence.
  • Advocate for human rights and democracy, contribute to social services.
  • family responsibilities or educational goals.
  • The beliefs, values ​​and priorities of individuals of the society in which they live.

Conscientious objection and human rights

conscientious objection

Conscientious objection protects freedom of thought, conscience and religion, one of the fundamental human rights. Human rights are a universal concept and the right to conscientious objection is part of this concept. This right requires that individuals’ own beliefs, values ​​and consciences be respected.

The right to conscientious objection is recognized as a right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations (1948). This statement states that “everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion”. This right is not limited to any religion or belief and it is emphasized that everyone should have this right.

The United Nations has passed many resolutions to protect the right to conscientious objection to military service. The 1966 International Convention on Human Rights recognizes and protects the right to conscientious objection to military service. The treaty states that not everyone can be required to perform military service. It is also said that conscientious objectors should have access to alternative service options.

The protection of the right to conscientious objection is the hallmark of a democratic society. A democratic society respects different beliefs and opinions and allows individuals to act according to their own conscience. The right to conscientious objection can help prevent social conflicts and maintain peace and tranquility in a society where human rights are respected.

Conscientious objection and personal values

conscientious objection

Personal values ​​guide one’s worldview, belief system and lifestyle. These stem from the experiences people have had throughout their lives, the cultures, the legacy they inherit from their families and individual characteristics. Personal values ​​influence one’s behaviour, decisions and conscience.

It is a right that enables people to act according to their own conscience. Personal values ​​also shape a person’s conscience. Therefore, one’s decision of conscientious objection is closely related to personal values. A person with personal values ​​will want to make decisions based on their own beliefs, values ​​and conscience. Therefore, a person’s conscientious decision is a reflection of his personal values.

Conscientious objection is important for a person to be at peace with himself. A person who listens to the voice of his conscience will be more loyal and honest to himself. Someone who acts in accordance with his personal values ​​will have a confident and strong personality. At the same time, a person who makes a decision on the basis of conscientious objection frees himself from the pressure of society and feels that his freedom is respected.

However, it is not easy to get a decision based on conscientious objection. This decision requires striking a balance between one’s responsibilities to oneself and to society. The decision on conscientious objection states that the person has the right to act according to his/her own beliefs, values ​​and conscience. However, this decision also requires respect for the rights of others and the needs of society.

Where does the right to conscientious objection come from?

The right to conscientious objection is part of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, which is included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This right guarantees the right to act according to one’s own conscience.

Who can have the right of conscientious objection?

The right to conscientious objection is regarded as a right that everyone has. However, military service may be compulsory in some countries and so the right to conscientious objection may not be legally recognized.

Is a conscientious decision easy to make?

No, it’s not easy to get a conscientious objection decision. This decision requires striking a balance between one’s responsibilities to oneself and to society. The decision on conscientious objection states that the person has the right to act according to his/her own beliefs, values ​​and conscience. However, this decision also requires respect for the rights of others and the needs of society.

How long can a decision on conscientious objection take?

A decision based on conscientious objection can be made at the moment when a person exercises his right to act according to his own conscience. However, the person may need to complete some formalities to formally announce this decision.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *