What is Coppersmith? History and materials used
Set in the history of the world, Coppersmith is also known as a valuable culture. We have prepared a comprehensive article on coppersmithing for you.
What is Brazier?
Coppersmithing develops by making objects from copper. This handicraft has been made in different ways throughout history. It is carefully prepared and handcrafted by coppersmiths. Copper has been used in many fields since its discovery. It has made human life easier throughout history.
The discovery of copper dates back many years. The first finds as evidence for the discovery of mining were found 10,000 years ago in Çayönü in Anatolia. Later, findings related to the production and purification of copper in Çatalhöyük were found. The first region where copper is prepared for processing is referred to in Anatolia as Çatalhöyük and Çayönü. As a result of the research done here, the findings have been found. As a result of the excavations, it was seen that many items were made by processing natural copper in BC. These items consist of ornaments, needles and hooks made by forging technique.
The items found in the surveys explain the first place and date of copper processing. Copper has been used in every field throughout history. Many works have been obtained by using the tattoo technique. Another technique used for coppersmithing throughout history is casting. Casting is a technique found after the forging technique. Coppersmith has evolved with the diversification of forging techniques. Forging varieties and forging tools have been developed.
The many works that have survived to the present day show that during the Hittite, Urartu, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods there were advanced coppersmith workshops working with different techniques in Anatolia. Copper work reached its peak as a result of the exploitation of copper deposits in Anatolia during the Ottoman period and later in the Balkans. New workshops were opened in many centers. Konya, Mardin, Hasankeyf, Diyarbakir, Cizre, Harput, Erzincan and Erzurum are the settlements where workshops were opened during the Seljuk period.
Coppersmith production process
The production of coppersmith consists of several stages. These are called forging, scraping, punching. The tattoo technique is the oldest and most commonly used technique. Copper is kiln annealed for easy processing.
This way the copper softens. This way it is easier to process. After the annealing process, the softened copper is hammered. With this process, the sheet is formed. Copper is shaped as desired with hammer blows. At the same time, the master who prepared the copper gives his own unique pattern.
Copper is formed by forging technique. This process is hammer forging. During this process, it is continuously turned, beaten and made to have the same thickness.
During this process, the material is formed by scraping it using iron bars in the form of nails. Engraved copper plates are called cut pattern. Coal is dusted off and rubbed into the scraped parts. This process is called savatli copper.
The copper plates prepared in this technique are decorated. It is made by hitting the shaped iron bars with hammers. With this technique, relief patterns are obtained. Various patterns and motifs are engraved on copper objects.
Coppersmith and his tasks
It is the person who forms and decorates copper and other light metals with various tools, repairs the worn ones, drills and joins the parts with rivets and drills.
- Selects, marks and cuts copper according to the item to be made
- Forms copper through processes such as casting, bending or forging
- Drills screw holes with a punch or drill
- Assemble parts according to drawing plan
- Smoothes rough surfaces
- Makes tin if the item is to be canned
- Make necessary repairs
Tools and materials used in coppersmithing
Coppersmithing is an arts and crafts branch that has existed for centuries. Coppersmithing deals with the use of copper and other materials. Copper is one of the most commonly used materials in coppersmithing, but other materials are also used. Here are the materials used in coppersmithing.
- bending machine
- crimping machine
- Hammers and hammers
- Machining tools
- Screws, bolts and nuts
- Pair of scissors
- Handsaw and chisels
Areas of Use of Coppersmith
Items made in coppersmiths have been used in many areas from past to present. It was generally produced as kitchen utensils, various tools and ornaments. Today, items made in coppersmiths are generally made as souvenirs. People buy copper items as gifts for their loved ones and use them as ornaments.
Coppersmithing is one of the arts that is often forgotten today. The coppersmith trade had its golden age in the 1960s, but today coppersmithing ranks quite low compared to the past. Coppersmithing is one of the Turkish handicrafts that should not be forgotten and continued.
What materials are used in coppersmithing?
Copper is the most commonly used material in coppersmithing. In addition, materials such as tin, brass, silver and glass are also used.
What are the tools used in coppersmithing?
Tools used in coppersmithing include basic hand tools such as chisels, drills, hammers, anvils, and belts. In addition, modern coppersmith equipment is also used.
What techniques are used in coppersmithing?
Many techniques are used in copper forging. Think of techniques such as copper plating, copper engraving, forging, soldering, casting and pressing.
What are the products used in coppersmithing?
Products used in coppersmithing include many products such as kitchenware, roofing materials, musical instruments, ornaments, lighting fixtures and works of art.
What are the job openings at the coppersmith?
There are many career opportunities in the coppersmith industry. These opportunities include coppersmith equipment manufacturing, copper processing, copper plating, roofing, jewelry making, artwork making, and musical instrument making.