What is Corruption? Types and causes
Corruption occurs when it is accepted without question. In other words, if you accept the information presented to you unquestioningly, you are corrupt. Corruption occurs because people do not question a thought or formation and accept it directly.
What is Corruption?
Corruption is a name given to behaviors that violate reliability, honesty and moral values. It means that an institution, a society or an individual resorts to unethical behavior such as corruption, corruption, bribery, fraud, deceit, conflict of interest.
Corruption can affect many different areas. For example, political corruption refers to the illegal activities or corruption of political parties or elected officials, while economic corruption refers to financial institutions committing deceptive or fraudulent transactions. Social corruption, on the other hand, refers to actions taken against social values, such as putting personal interests above the general interests of society.
The consequences of corruption are quite damaging. In societies with corruption, public confidence decreases and people become less enterprising. Corruption in the economy can negatively impact the economy in the long run as it only targets individual profits. Political corruption can violate the law or human rights by misusing government power. Social corruption can lead to an increase in decisions made for personal interests rather than decisions that are in the general interest of society.
What is Corruption?
The meaning of the word rotten philosophy; It is accepting an idea as it is without questioning it. corrupt life; To live someone else’s life without question. Corruption is not being yourself, not thinking like yourself, not being original or having no thoughts.
Dissenters came together to form a society. Although there were differentiations in the society in the early days, over time people accepted the opinions of the stronger parties without questioning them. The reason for this was marginalization, fear of minorities. With the degenerate society, the diversity of thought has decreased and people of uniform thinking have emerged; Types of people emerged who do not know what they are thinking, who blindly defend their ideas and try to live with the thoughts of others. Basically this is: A person who does not know his own thoughts and becomes corrupted first becomes alienated from himself and then becomes alienated from society and enters into a thought of alienation. If a person does not know himself and his thoughts do not go beyond imitation, that person is estranged from everything, including himself.
Types of corruption
Corruption is a phenomenon that can manifest itself in many different ways and there are generally three different types: political corruption, economic corruption and social corruption.
Political corruption means the contamination of a political system through corruption, bribery and illegal activities. Political corruption can occur in many different ways as a result of government or political party corruption. For example, fraudulent elections, manipulation of election results, acting in a conflict of interest by government officials, misapplication of laws and regulations, or endorsing illegal activities are examples of political corruption.
Economic corruption means that financial institutions, companies or individuals gain financial gain by committing fraud, deceit or fraud. An example of economic corruption is when a company evades taxes by issuing false invoices, or when unauthorized persons manipulate financial institutions. This form of corruption can lead to the inhibition of economic growth and social welfare.
Social corruption means that people do not adhere to ethical values and social norms, putting individual interests above the general interest of society. An example of social corruption is when a government official abuses his office, gives an advantage to his acquaintances or violates the rights of a private company by employing his employees for low wages.
Causes of corruption
Corruption is a phenomenon that can occur for various reasons. The causes of corruption can be due to political, social, economic and cultural factors. Here are common causes of corruption:
Weakness and weak institutional structures
Weak and weak institutional structures pave the way for corruption, bribery and other forms of corruption. Weak oversight and regulation, shortcomings in the functioning of public institutions and a lack of cooperation between the legislative, executive and judicial authorities can lead to widespread corruption and bribery.
Poverty and income inequality
Poverty, income inequality and economic inequality are among the other causes of corruption. Governments that fail to combat poverty may lead some segments of society to engage in illegal activities such as corruption and bribery as a result of the spread of poverty.
Deterioration of ethics and values
Deterioration of ethics and values creates the social dimension of corruption. The destruction of social values can lead to moral breakdown and corruption. For this reason, the protection of ethical values and social rules is of great importance for preventing corruption.
Political instability is another cause of corruption. Political instability can create an atmosphere of insecurity and lead governments to turn to corruption. In addition, conflicts of interest between political parties and personal ambitions of political leaders can lead to an increase in corruption and bribery.
Cultural factors are also among the causes of corruption. In some cultures, behaviors such as corruption and bribery are considered acceptable or normal. This can lead to an increase in corruption in society.
What should we do to prevent corruption?
If you don’t want to be corrupt, research thoroughly first and form your own thoughts. If you don’t have solid thoughts, over time other people will build on your thoughts as they please.
Enjoy being yourself and be confident. Don’t believe anything without researching it.
Don’t be a coward, don’t think you’ll be left out, and don’t try to think like those who hold that opinion. Always be open in your mind and listen to other opinions and decide for yourself whether to believe or not by exploring the truth. Don’t put pressure on yourself; always have an answer.
What are the causes of corruption?
Causes of corruption are powerlessness and weak institutional structures, poverty and income inequality, degradation of ethics and values, political instability and cultural factors.
In which sectors is corruption common?
Corruption is prevalent in many sectors such as the public sector, private sector, non-governmental organizations and sports organizations.
What are the economic costs of corruption?
The economic costs of corruption are quite high. Corruption hinders economic growth, reduces resource efficiency and increases injustice. In addition, corruption can lead to a loss of tax revenue, a decline in the quality of public services and investors who turn away from markets with a sense of insecurity.
What can be done to fight corruption?
In the fight against corruption, it is important to strengthen ethical values, apply the principle of transparency and accountability, put in place strong control mechanisms and strengthen legal requirements. In addition, non-governmental organizations and the media must play an active role in the fight against corruption.