What is Daylight Saving Time Application?
Time is an indispensable part of our lives and many countries around the world have adopted the practice of daylight saving time by moving the clock forward or back one hour. This application was created to save energy and take advantage of daylight. However, not everyone is happy with this application. Some claim that the practice disrupts our biological rhythms, while others think that the practice does not conserve energy.
The application of summer and winter time is an interesting topic with its history, advantages and disadvantages. Being aware of this helps us better understand what the application is and why it is being done. In this article we will look at what is daylight saving time, its history, advantages and disadvantages. We will provide our readers with a detailed perspective by examining both the history of the practice and the current situation.
What is Daylight Saving Time Application?
Daylight saving time application is to move the clock forward one hour at the beginning of spring and back one hour in autumn. This application is used by many countries to benefit more from daylight and to save energy. The application is usually carried out between spring and autumn.
Daylight saving time and winter time can be used in different ways in different countries. The main thing is to assess the application according to the conditions of the country and to find the right balance between the pros and cons.
History of summer and winter time
Daylight saving time was first proposed by New Zealand entomologist George Vernon Hudson in 1895. Working a shift, Hudson began to question the importance of the last hours before sunset, as he could not find enough time to collect insects. This questioning led Hudson to recommend daylight saving time in his papers to the Wellington Philosophical Society in 1895 and 1898. Hudson’s proposal aroused great interest in the Christchurch community.
Famous British contractor William Willett is incorrectly cited as the inventor of daylight saving time. Willett, independently of Hudson, noticed people sleeping in the early hours of summer while taking a pre-breakfast walk in London in 1905, and this bothered him. Willett, also an avid golfer, complains that dusk is fast approaching, preventing him from golfing. For this reason, Willett suggested finding a solution by moving the clock forward in the summer months. Willett’s proposal came out two years after Hudson’s.
The first use of daylight saving time was adopted by Germany during World War I to save money on coal use. Later, the United Kingdom, its allies and other European countries not involved in the war also adopted this practice. While Russia and some other countries implemented it a year later, the United States started using YSU in 1918. After this date, many countries passed new laws and regulations on YSU practice.
Benefits of summer and winter time application
The biggest advantage of the summer and winter time application is that it can benefit more from daylight. In this way, lighting and energy savings are ensured. While the 7-month application, which begins in the spring and continues through mid-autumn, depends on many factors, it is estimated that approximately 800 million – 1 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity will be saved. This saving corresponds to the annual consumption of a medium-sized hydropower plant. Longer days in the summer also mean that people can spend more time on social activities.
Disadvantages of summer and winter time
There are also some drawbacks to summer and winter time application. This practice can disrupt people’s biological rhythms. Children and the elderly in particular may suffer more from the effects of the application. Also, the app may not be for everyone. In some professions, changing working hours can negatively affect work processes.
History of summer and winter time in Turkey
In 1925 it was decided to base 30 degrees longitude on the national time in Turkey. Between 1978 and 1984, the meridian number 45 was used as the national time. Since 1984, the 30th meridian is national time. He stated that the reason for making this decision is that the energy savings from using the 45th meridian are low, but it should harmonize with European countries in the field of works such as banking. However, their problems with the eastern countries have increased. In recent years, however, the practice has become a subject of debate. Some experts argue that the practice does not save energy, but rather causes health problems. In addition, the summer and winter time application is no longer used in Turkey since 2018.
What is the purpose of summer and winter time application?
It aims to take more advantage of daylight by moving the clock forward or back an hour at certain times of the year.
Why did this application appear?
The practice originated when Germany wanted to take advantage of more sunlight during World War I by moving the clock forward to support the wartime economy.
What are the advantages of summer and winter time application?
The application provides lighting and energy savings by making more use of daylight. Also, longer days in the summer allow people to spend more time on social activities.
Has the application of summer and winter time been canceled in Turkey?
In Turkey, summer and winter time changes have been removed since 2018.
Who invented summer and winter time?
The contemporary summer and winter practice was invented in 1985 by New Zealand entomologist George Vernon Hudson.