What is Empty Heart Disease?
Empty Heart Disease, also known as [B]Tako-Tsubo Syndrome[/B], is a condition in which the walls of the left ventricle of the heart become abnormally enlarged. This condition is caused by a sudden and intense surge of stress hormones, which in turn causes the walls of the heart to balloon outwards. This in turn causes the heart to become weaker and less flexible, resulting in a decreased ability to pump blood throughout the body. This condition is often seen in middle-aged women, and is usually triggered by an emotionally stressful event.
Symptoms of Empty Heart Disease
The symptoms of Empty Heart Disease can vary, but generally they include chest pain, shortness of breath, and an irregular heartbeat. Other symptoms can include lightheadedness, fatigue, and dizziness. In some cases, the symptoms may mimic those of a heart attack, so it is important to seek medical attention if any of the above symptoms are experienced.
Diagnosis of Empty Heart Disease
In order to diagnose Empty Heart Disease, a doctor will conduct tests such as an [B]electrocardiogram[/B] (ECG) and an [B]echocardiogram[/B] (ECHO). An ECG will measure the electrical activity of the heart, while an ECHO will determine the size and shape of the left ventricle. In some cases, a [B]cardiac catheterization[/B] may also be used to diagnose the condition.
Treatment of Empty Heart Disease
The treatment of Empty Heart Disease typically involves medications to help reduce stress levels and improve the heart’s ability to pump blood. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair the damaged heart muscle. In addition, lifestyle modifications such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing stress levels can help to reduce the risk of the condition recurring.
Prevention of Empty Heart Disease
Although Empty Heart Disease is often triggered by a sudden and intense surge of stress hormones, there are ways to reduce the risk of this condition. Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly can help to reduce stress levels, as well as managing stress levels through relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation. In addition, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help to reduce the risk of Empty Heart Disease.