What is a monocyte (MON)?
Monocytes are the largest type of white blood cells in the body, making up about 2% to 2% of white blood cells. Monocytes are also white blood cells produced by the bone marrow. Monocytes, also known as immune system cells; As mentioned, it offers protection against viral, bacterial, fungal and protozoal infections. These immune cells circulate in the blood for several days before invading tissues where they become macrophages or dendritic cells.
What causes the height of monocytes?
Monocyte elevation is called monocytosis. monocyte height; It may indicate that the body is struggling with abnormal problems such as infection, inflammation and cancer. Another possibility is that certain problems prevent monocytes from functioning at the expected level or fully functional.
The main causes of monocyte elevation are:
– Fungal infections
– Bacterial infections
– Parasitic infections
– Coronary heart disease
– Rheumatic conditions
– Rheumatoid arthritis
– Irritable bowel syndrome
– Lung diseases and infections
– cardiovascular disease
– Hodgkin’s disease
What Causes Low Monocytes?
The monocyte count (MON) may also be low in a healthy person. For this reason, it is not always considered a sign of a problem. A low monocyte can mean there are problems in the bone marrow, where it is produced. There may be treatments and conditions that can suppress the immune system. Low monocyte is medically referred to as monocytopenia.
The main causes of low monocytes are:
– Stress – Lupus – Rheumatoid arthritis – Leukemia – Tuberculosis – Acute viral infections – B12 deficiency – Anemia
How is Monocyte high and low?
Monocyte elevation is not a disease. Monocyte elevation is a clinical condition that can be observed in the presence of disease. It is diagnosed as a result of a blood test. In order to reduce the monocyte count, the existing disease must first be detected and an appropriate treatment method applied under the supervision of a physician. During the treatment process, attention should be paid to the sleeping pattern of the patients and regular sleep should be important. It is one of the most important aspects of a healthy diet. A nutritional program should be determined according to the age, health and body conditions of the patients. There are significant benefits for people with this type of condition from exercising regularly. As a result of a low monocyte value, problems such as infection, respiratory failure and fainting often occur. The factors that cause low monocyte count are determined by specialized doctors and the treatment method is applied accordingly. Antifungal drugs and antibiotics are usually used for treatment. Exhausting exercises, sauna, prolonged cold, nervous system triggering, growth hormones, testosterone, menopause, the work of leptin hormone, vitamins B12, C and D increase monocyte levels.
What should the normal monocyte value be?
The normal MON value is accepted in the range of 0-9%. MON values outside this range may be interpreted differently due to the specialist’s evaluation. For this reason, specialist doctors should be consulted on this subject. Monocyte Elevation During Pregnancy A high monocyte level during pregnancy is not commonly observed. Due to exposure of pregnant women to serious infections, allergic and autoimmune diseases, monocyte elevation may occur. A monocyte level or higher in the blood test performed by the patients indicates a serious condition. In this case, patients should be examined. Pregnant people should avoid stress and exercise properly.