What is Muridism? History, effects and consequences

Muridism is based on a mystical teaching and is based on the philosophy of drawing closer to God and surrendering to him. The primary goal of this belief system is to help people become better Muslims by improving their inner world.

What is Muridism?

Muridism refers to a certain path to spiritual advancement and closeness to God, defined as an Islamic sect. The word muridism is derived from the Arabic word “murid” and murid means student or student who wants to learn from a master.

Discipleship is based on the relationship between student and teacher and has a community of students under the guidance of a master. This congregation comes together to help students in their spiritual development and bring them closer to God.

The core teachings of Muridism include practices such as dhikr, meditation, initiation, prayer, and charity. The disciples remember the names of Allah through dhikr and meditation and strive to get closer to him. Initiation is a ceremony by a master to mark the acceptance of the student on the path of discipleship. With this ceremony, the student begins to learn more advanced practices of Muridism.

History of Muridism


The history of Muridism begins with a movement that started in India in the 18th century and later spread to other Islamic countries. Shah Waliullah Dehlavi, considered the leader of this movement and the founder of Muridism, was a thinker and reformist who strove for the revival of Islam.

Shah Waliullah wanted to create a unifying doctrine by studying the teachings of the different sects of Islam. This teaching was called Muridism, which emphasizes following a path for personal growth and spiritual advancement, drawing closer to and surrendering to God.

Muridism was continued and spread by many of his students in India after Shah Waliullah’s death. Chief among these students are Shah Abdul Aziz, son of Shah Waliullah, and his grandson, Shah Ismail Shahidi.

Muridism continued to flourish in the 19th century, spreading to regions such as the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeast Asia, as well as India. Shah Ahmad Sirhindi, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and Sayyid Qutb are among the most important leaders of Muridism during this period.

Practices of Muridism


One of the most basic practices of Muridism is to gather around a leader or sheikh. At the same time, Muridism had other applications in it.

  • Disciples pursue their spiritual development by following the teachings of these leaders.
  • Leaders guide and guide the disciples on their spiritual journey.
  • A ritual called dhikr is also commonly practiced in Muridism.
  • Dhikr is performed by repeating the names of Allah or other spiritual words.
  • Rituals are an important tool for getting closer to God and for spiritual development.
  • Another important ritual among discipleship practices is the silent meditation called dhikr.
  • It frees the mind of the disciples and makes them feel the presence of Allah.
  • Dhikr brings spiritual peace and tranquility and enables the disciples to be closer to Allah.
  • Another practice in Muridism is gratitude.
  • The followers continue their spiritual development by being thankful for the blessings Allah has bestowed upon them.
  • Gratitude enables the followers to believe more in the existence of Allah and be closer to Him.

The Effects and Consequences of Muridism


One of the main influences of Muridism is personal growth and spiritual advancement. This teaching enables the disciples to draw closer to God, to become better people, and to give meaning to their lives. Disciples discover themselves on their spiritual journey and continue their search for inner peace and happiness.

Another effect of Muridism is social cohesion and solidarity. The followers form a community by gathering around a leader or sheikh. These communities support each other, continue their spiritual journey together and empower each other. Through this solidarity, the followers can be connected and support each other in their lives.

Another effect of Muridism is tolerance and understanding. This teaching advises to respect the differences between people and to be tolerant. As disciples discover themselves on their spiritual journey, they learn to accept other people’s differences. This enables them to become more tolerant and understanding individuals.

Who is the leader in Muridism?

In discipleship, a leader is a person around whom disciples go on a spiritual journey. This person is usually a sheikh or Sufi and gives the lessons to the disciples.

What are the effects of muridism?

The effects of Muridism can be seen in various areas such as personal growth and spiritual advancement, social involvement and solidarity, tolerance and understanding, individual meaning and fulfillment.

What are the sources on Muridism?

Sources related to Muridism include Sufi books, Sufi biographies, and books on Islamic philosophy. In addition, various sources about Muridism can be found on the internet.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *