What is portrait photography? How do you take a portrait photo?

Take the time to improve your portrait photography and study the work of other portrait photographers. Good portrait photography is an art that can be achieved with patience, care and practice.

What is portrait photography?

Portrait photography is a form of photography that aims to capture facial expressions, features and emotions of a person or a group of people. These types of photos are usually taken to capture special memories for people and use them for commercial or artistic purposes.

Portrait photography is usually done by professional photographers, but it is possible for anyone to improve themselves in this field. When entering portrait photography, you must first have the necessary equipment. This equipment may consist of a suitable camera, lens, lighting equipment and background material.

Portrait photography also requires the use of techniques such as proper exposure, use of light, composition and subject choice. Proper orientation of the subject is also important to get a good portrait shot.

When starting with portrait photography, first determine the purpose of the photo you are going to take. Are you going to use it for commercial purposes or just photograph it as a souvenir? This can give you an idea of ​​the style, subject, and shooting technique of the photo you’re about to take.

Equipment and materials needed for portrait photography

What is portrait photography?

When shooting portraits, using the right equipment can significantly improve the quality of the shot. Here are the necessary equipment and settings for portrait photography:


There are many different types of cameras you can use for portrait photography. However, DSLR or mirrorless cameras are usually the best options. These cameras can capture high-resolution images and give you more control with manual settings.


The most suitable lenses for portrait photography are wide-angle lenses, usually in the 50mm-85mm range. These lenses help you get clear and accurate close-ups by focusing on the subject.


Using the right exposure in portrait shots is extremely important. While natural light is usually the best option, studio lighting can also be used. Studio lights provide a controllable and predictable light source.

background materials

In portrait shots, the background is extremely important to the overall aesthetic of the photo. A simple background helps the subject stand out and grab attention. Materials such as background paper, cloths, curtains and poster paper can be used as background material.


It is also important to use the correct settings for portrait photos. Typically, a low aperture (high f-stop number), high ISO setting, and fast shutter speed are used. These settings allow you to take a clear and focused photo.

How do you take a portrait photo?

What is portrait photography?

Portrait photography is the reflection of the person’s personality on the face and shoulders. Creating portraits that look natural and reflect the person’s personality takes time and patience. Although it doesn’t seem very difficult at first glance, it is actually just as difficult to draw. Portrait photography is successful as a result of successfully depicting the mood and personality of the person and correctly using and presenting portrait photography techniques in photography.

1. Capture personality

Portrait photography is all about the person. You don’t need much professional knowledge. So focus on the model. Define the model well and learn about its personality. In a short time, try to find out which facial expressions he uses most, his body language and which colors suit the person you are going to portray. Reassure your model by talking to her. This way you prevent the model from contracting itself and capture the naturalness of the photo. In portrait shots, you can achieve great results by capturing the moment when the model behaves naturally without posing.

2. Choose a location by subject

It is just as important in space as the model. The space you shoot should integrate with the model and give it a distinct aesthetic. By choosing the places where the model has hobbies, you may be able to take more integral and beautiful photos in this way. For portrait photos, the model should be in the foreground, remove all conspicuous objects from your photo. The most common photographic lens is the 50mm F1.8. It can give you the aperture you want with low prices.

3. Remote pull

If you photograph a person very close, you will see him with a big nose and a round face. That wouldn’t be a pretty sight either. Go as far as you can and shoot your model from a distance. However, telephoto lenses are required to shoot from a distance. This way you have captured the face as it is.

4. The light of photography

Never rely on the camera’s built-in flash when shooting portraits. I can even say don’t use this flash. Because the model is lit from the other side, the facial shadows and facial expressions straighten out. Other than that, the silly shadows left behind are quite distracting. If you have a studio option, light the model in different directions with external flashes and reflectors. Make the face a little brighter than the other side. Soften sharp expressions. If you don’t have a studio environment, make the most of natural light. If you are going to shoot under the bright sun, try to lighten the shadows with reflectors. Have lots of light.

5. Be comfortable

The mistake many people make is that they are not comfortable taking or taking a portrait shot. Especially in our country, it may seem strange to people to take pictures in a crowded place. You can get better results if you are comfortable shooting or taking pictures.

6. Makeup or accessory

One of the hardest parts of shooting portraits is deciding what the person you’re going to wear and what kind of makeup they’re going to have on. It is better for photography not to use too many hat-type accessories.

7. Focus on the eyes

Bright eyes are essential for better efficiency when shooting portraits. “If the eyes aren’t clear, the picture isn’t clear.” Keeping this phrase in mind will help you take more successful photos.

8. Change the angle

Taking a portrait shot from different angles often produces excellent results, although sometimes poor results. Doing what no one else has done does no harm to you and even adds difference and originality. So don’t forget to change the angle.

9. Posing for portraits

The poses of the model are very important to create beautiful portraits. A bad pose can result in an aversion to the photo. A slight smile or a nice pose can change the whole feel of a photo.

Editing techniques in portrait photography

What is portrait photography?

Editing portrait photos is extremely important to not only increase the quality of the photo, but also to determine the desired emotion and tone of the photo. Here are some editing techniques you can use in portrait shots:

Color regulation: Natural colors are important in portrait shots. Making the colors look natural makes the photo more realistic and impressive. Using color editing tools, you can adjust the photo’s color balance, increase saturation, and improve contrast.

Edit skin: Skin editing in portrait photos is important to improve the overall quality of the photo. Skin retouching tools help you even out skin tone, remove acne and blemishes, and make skin look smoother. However, it is important to be careful when working on the skin without disturbing its natural appearance.

Frame editing: In portrait photos, framing is used to enhance the aesthetics of the photo. Using frame editing tools, you can edit the composition of the photo, remove unnecessary details, or emphasize the focus of the photo.

Lighting setup: For portraits, you can use the exposure editing tools to adjust brightness, shadow, highlights, and tones, depending on the light source in the photo. This can set the mood and mood of the photo and help you achieve the desired emotion and tone.

Edit Sharpness: Sharpness editing is important for making portrait shots look clear and sharp. By using sharpness editing tools, you can increase the sharpness of the photo, focus on the subject and ensure a clear image.

What exposure settings should be used when shooting portraits?

In general, a low aperture, a high shutter speed and low ISO values ​​are used. With these settings you get a clear and focused portrait photo.

What kind of frame should be used when shooting portraits?

When shooting portraits, the subject’s face and shoulders are often the focal point of the image. However, you can use different angles and different framing options to get an aesthetically pleasing framing.

What is the optimal lighting environment for portrait shots?

Natural light is ideal for portrait shots. However, additional lighting equipment such as studio lights can also be used. In addition, the choice of background for portrait photography is also important.

What lenses are used for portrait shots?

In general, 50mm, 85mm or 135mm lenses are preferred for portrait photography. These lenses can create a sense of depth, sharpen the subject and blur the background.

Is it ok to do skin editing in portrait photography?

Yes, skin editing is often used in portrait photos. However, it should be done with attention to the natural look.

What editing tools can be used on portrait photos?

Color editing tools, skin editing tools, frame editing tools, exposure editing tools, and sharpness editing tools can be used in portrait photos. These tools can be used to improve the quality and aesthetics of the photo.

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