September 11, 2001 is known as the day of a terrible attack on the territory of the US, which left an unforgettable imprint in the history of the world. With the destruction of the Twin Towers and the attack on the Pentagon, the true face of terrorism was shown to the world. In this article we take a closer look at the meaning and effects of the September 11 attack.
What is the September 11 attack?
September 11, 2001 is a milestone for both the US and the world. On that day, four passenger planes were hijacked by 19 members of the fundamentalist organization Al-Qaeda, which was founded in the late 1980s against the Soviet occupation in Afghanistan and was backed by the US at the time. targets in the US.
While a total of three planes hit the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York and the US Department of Defense Pentagon Building in Washington, the fourth plane, believed to have attacked the White House, crashed before reaching the could hit any targets. Significant damage was done to the Pentagon while the Twin Towers were completely destroyed.
This action, which killed a total of about 3,000 people, went down in history as the largest attack the US experienced on its own soil. In 1993, a bomb attack was carried out on the World Trade Center by people close to the same organization.
The reason for both attacks was that al-Qaeda, led by Osama Bin Laden, became a more radical movement after the Cold War and began to fight against the US, both for its support of Israel and for its military power in Arab countries.
Al Qaeda declared jihad against the US and its allies in 1996 and has carried out many terrorist attacks in different parts of the world at different times. Among these actions, the September 11 attacks are far more significant, both in terms of organization and consequences.
The significance of the September 11, 2001 attack
September 11, 2001 is one of the breaking points in US and world history. This date is remembered as a dark day when 19 terrorists from the fundamentalist Al-Qaeda organization hijacked four passenger planes and carried out suicide bombings against the United States. While thousands of people lost their lives as a result of the attacks, it went down in history as the largest attack on American soil.
The significance of the September 11 attack can be assessed from different perspectives. First, the attacks caused a profound shift in the United States’ understanding of national security. In particular, counter-terrorism strategies and security policies were reviewed. The attacks led to major changes, such as strengthening US domestic intelligence systems, improving border security and taking a more active role in the fight against international terrorism.
Second, the September 11 attacks marked a turning point in highlighting the global threat of terrorism. The attacks strikingly exposed the international dimension of terrorism and the effects of attacks on civilian targets. This has led to closer cooperation in the fight against terrorism around the world and increased international security measures. 9/11 paved the way for the fight against terrorism to become a global priority and for the establishment of a common front against terrorist organizations.
In addition, the September 11 attack had a major impact on people’s awareness and perception. While the attacks caused deep shock and horror around the world, they raised awareness of the reality of terrorism and the threat to global security. Until then, terrorism was seen as a distant problem for many people, but now it has become part of everyone’s daily life. This has led to an increased public focus on counter-terrorism and efforts to increase the resilience of societies.
Targets where attacks occur
- The main target of the attacks was the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York.
- Terrorists crashed their planes into the Twin Towers causing great destruction and loss of life.
- Thousands of people died as a result of the complete collapse of the Twin Towers.
- The attacks were viewed as symbolically striking America’s financial and commercial center.
- Another target was the Pentagon, the headquarters of the US Department of Defense.
- A plane crashed into the Pentagon building causing extensive damage and loss.
- This attack showed that even US military power and national defense systems can be targeted.
- The fourth and final plane of the attacks was scheduled to target the White House.
- However, the crew and passengers of the heroic airliner United Airlines 93 resisted the attackers and tried to take control of the plane.
- The plane failed to reach its planned destination and crashed in Pennsylvania.
- These attacks were of great symbolic and strategic importance.
- While the Twin Towers represented America’s economic power, the Pentagon was considered the center of American military power.
- The attacks not only caused loss of life, but also radically changed the US’s perception of security and ushered in a new era in the fight against terrorism.
The September 11, 2001 attacks were carried out by terrorists from the fundamentalist organization Al-Qaeda, in a series of planned suicide bombings by the United States against several key targets. These attacks deeply affected people all over the world and are considered throughout history as a turning point in the fight against terrorism.
The most iconic target of the attacks was the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York. The attackers crashed their planes into the Twin Towers, causing great destruction and loss of life. As a result of the complete collapse of the towers, thousands of people were killed and an attack was carried out that symbolically hit the financial and commercial center of America.
Consequences and losses of the September 11 attack
The attacks of September 11, 2001 were tragic events that had major consequences worldwide. The impact and losses of the attacks were felt both in the United States and internationally, and had profound effects in many areas.
About 3,000 people died as a result of the September 11 attacks. The collapse of the Twin Towers and the attack on the Pentagon have changed the lives of thousands of innocent people forever. These attacks were one of the greatest casualties on American soil and caused great pain and sorrow around the world.
Social and psychological effects
The attacks inflicted deep wounds on the social and psychological fabric of societies. Survivors of the attacks faced the horrors and losses they witnessed. While these events shook people’s sense of security, they led to an increase in mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
Security policy changes
The September 11 attacks caused radical changes in the security policies of the US and other countries. The attacks showed that terrorism is a global threat and therefore emphasized the need to take stricter measures in the fight against terrorism. Many countries have shared more intelligence, strengthened border security and cooperated more effectively in the fight against terrorism.
Change in US foreign policy
The attacks were also regarded as a major turning point in US foreign policy. The United States decided to take a more active role in the fight against terrorism and made major efforts to capture Al Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden and disband his organization. In addition, important changes in foreign policy, such as the US intervention in Iraq and the increase in the military presence in Afghanistan, were also one of the consequences of the September 11 attack.
Where did the September 11 attacks take place?
The attacks that happened on September 11, 2001 are terrorist attacks that took place in the New York and Washington, DC regions of the US. Terrorists hijacked four passenger jets and targeted the twin towers of the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.
How many people died in the September 11 attacks?
About 3,000 people died as a result of the September 11 attacks. These attacks became one of the greatest losses the US has suffered on its own soil.
Who carried out the September 11 attacks?
The people who carried out the attacks were a 19-member terrorist group affiliated with the Al Qaeda terrorist organization. These terrorists acted on behalf of Osama Bin Laden, the leader of the organization.
What is the reason for the September 11 attack?
The reason for the attacks is that Al Qaeda is hostile to the United States and wants to weaken the United States with acts of terrorism. In addition, the organization aimed to combat US support for Israel and its military presence in Arab countries.
What impact did the attacks have around the world?
The September 11 attacks had a huge impact worldwide. It has led to changes in security policy and stricter measures in the fight against terrorism. In addition, there were significant changes in US foreign policy and international cooperation in the fight against global terrorism came to the fore.
What are the long-term effects of the September 11 attack?
The attacks permanently changed the understanding of security and the methods of countering terrorism. Civil aviation security measures have been increased, intelligence sharing and international cooperation have been strengthened. In addition, these attacks brought negative social effects, such as Islamophobia and ethnic discrimination.