With a population of 4.367 million according to 2019 data, İzmir is drawing attention as Turkey’s third largest city. This city, which has a very different economy from agriculture to industry, has become a tourist center with its natural beauties. Located in the Aegean region and inspiring admiration with its sea, this city also attracts a lot of attention from foreign tourists. İzmir, which attracts tourists even in winter thanks to its mild climate, has an important value with its history.
Our content, which we have prepared based on all these, contains everything you wonder about Izmir and everything you need to know. If you want to know better before going to Izmir, you can read our content.
History of Izmir
While there is no definitive information about the foundation of İzmir, some estimates have been made based on various rumors and archaeological finds. The first settlements BC. Thought to date back to 3000 BC, Izmir has become an important trading center, also known as Smyrna in ancient times.
The finds obtained during the excavations in Bayraklı, İzmir’s BC. It shows that it dates back to 3000 BC. Although under the influence of the Hittite Empire in the early periods, it became the city of Aiol after the Ionians took over. Ionians, Izmir BC. They captured about 800 of them. The Ionians ensured the enrichment of İzmir through their colonies.
Izmir, which was conquered by the Turks in 1076, was ruled by Çaka Bey for 20 years. Then, after the Crusades, İzmir fell to the Eastern Romans and in 1317 it came under the rule of the Turkmen ruler Aydınoğlu Umur Bey. Izmir, which came under Ottoman rule in 1426, became a trading center in this way.
When the dates indicated May 15, 1919, the Greek troops landed in Izmir and the occupation process began. During the occupation period, the Turkish resistance in İzmir gained strength by organizing and the Turkish National Movement led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk started the independence struggle in Anatolia. İzmir has become one of the important centers of national struggle.
With the opening of the Turkish Grand National Assembly on April 23, 1920, the resistance movement in İzmir gained strength with the support of the government. In İzmir, where several resistance actions against the Greek occupation were carried out, the resistance spread to all regions. The Great Offensive, which later became the critical turning point of the War of Independence, began on August 26, 1922. The Turkish army commanded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk launched a major offensive to end the Greek occupation. Turkish troops advanced towards Izmir and recaptured Izmir on September 9, 1922.
Climate of Izmir
Izmir has a Mediterranean climate. Therefore, winters are warm and rainy while summers are dry and hot. Izmir’s climate is temperate with the effect of the sea and there are usually sunny days all year round. While the temperature in summer is generally between 30-35°C, in winter it fluctuates around 10-15°C. The climate of İzmir offers the city a great advantage in terms of tourism.
Geography of Izmir
Izmir is located in the Aegean region of Turkey. It is surrounded by Manisa to the east, Aydın to the south, Balıkesir to the north, and the Aegean Sea and Aegean Islands to the west. Izmir is known for its coastline, long beaches and beautiful bays. In addition, Izmir Bay is the main natural harbor of the city and has a strategic location for maritime trade. The vegetation of İzmir is generally maquis. The most common species among these maquis are juniper, wild olive, gum, hackberry, maple, rosary, and kermes oak. The maquis are seen up to 600 meters from the sea and then forested in rural areas. The most common tree species in forests are red pine and larch.
Economy of Izmir
As one of Turkey’s metropolitan cities, İzmir plays an important economic role. The economy of Izmir, Turkey’s third largest city, is versatile and dynamic. Industry, tourism and agriculture are the main sources of Izmir’s economy. İzmir is one of Turkey’s leading provinces in terms of manufacturing industry. Industrial facilities make an important contribution to the recovery of employment and the economy in the city. In addition, the port of Izmir is one of the largest and most important export ports in Turkey. Izmir’s strategic location supports the development of trade and the increase in exports.
Agriculture is also very important to Izmir’s economy. The city has large agricultural lands and a variety of crops are grown. Fruit growing and vegetable growing are prominent among the agricultural activities. İzmir’s fertile soils and climate support the diversity and quality of agricultural production.
districts of Izmir
Izmir has a total of 30 districts. These counties are; Aliağa, Balçova, Bayındır, Bayraklı, Bergama, Beydağ, Bornova, Buca, çeşme, Çiğli, Dikili, Foca, Gaziemir, Güzelbahçe, Karaburun, Karabağlar, Karşıyaka, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpa, Kemalpaş Emen, Menderes, Ödemiş, Narlıdere, Selçuk, Seferihisar, Tyrus, Urla and Torbalı. Each neighborhood has its own unique historical and cultural values.
İzmir’s provincial traffic code and area code
The provincial traffic number of Izmir, namely the license plate number, is 35. The area code required to call the landlines in Izmir is 0232.
How to go to Izmir?
How did Izmir get its name?
It is thought that Izmir got its name from Smyrna, the daughter of Kinyras, the king of Cyprus.
Which sea is Izmir connected to?
Izmir is a city on the coast of the Aegean Sea. Famous for its deep blue bays, the city attracts tourists with its Aegean Sea.
What is Izmir famous for?
Among the foods famous in Izmir, there are boyoz, Izmir bomba, Izmir bite, Izmir meatballs, sole fish with milk and cowpea with olive oil.
What is the symbol of Izmir?
When Izmir is mentioned, the first place that comes to mind is symbolizing the clock tower of Izmir.
What fruits are grown in Izmir?
Among the fruits grown in Izmir are cherries, figs, chestnuts, olives and mandarins. It is especially famous for its tangerine fruit.