Why does the calf muscle hurt? What should we pay attention to?
Located at the back of the leg, just below the knee, your calf is made up of three muscles (gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris). Injury to any of these can cause calf pain, as well as conditions affecting the blood vessels, nerves, or the tissues around your calf muscles. There are possible causes, from a pulled or torn muscle to a blood clot. Ultimately, the treatment plan will depend on the underlying disease, but with regard to calf pain; rest, ice, and treatments such as anti-inflammatory drugs and anticoagulants are required. Reasons; While most causes of calf pain are benign and easy to treat, there are also serious causes, such as a blocked artery or peripheral arterial disease (when the arteries in your legs become clogged).
For this reason, it is important to see a doctor when evaluating your calf pain. Calf Muscle Cramp A calf muscle spasm or cramp; refers to the involuntary contraction of one or more calf muscles. Calf muscle cramps are often described as severely painful and may be accompanied by stiffness and a visible knot. While uncontrolled contraction of the muscle is usually short-lived, it can sometimes last for days. Calf Muscle Strain Calf muscle strain, and more specifically medial gastrocnemius strain, is the most common cause of acute calf pain. Usually, this type of overuse injury occurs when the trunk is suddenly pushed (during a sporting or exercise event) while running or jumping. The pain of a pulled calf is often described as a sudden, sharp pain or a tearing sensation.
If it is severe, there may also be swelling and bruising. Stretching of the medial head of the gastrocnemius is sometimes referred to as “tennis foot” because it usually occurs when tennis players change direction quickly to land a shot. Calf Muscle Contusion Contraction or ecchymosis (bruising) of a calf muscle usually occurs after a direct blow to the calf or a series of repeated traumas to the lower leg. There may be swelling and bruising along with a sharp pain. Soleus Muscle Stretch The soleus muscle is located below the gastrocnemius muscle (double headed muscle) in the calf. Soleus muscle strain is a chronic injury most commonly seen in long-distance runners. Pain; it usually occurs in the calf, during bending the knee and bending the ankle backward. Plantaris muscle tear The plantaris muscle is a thin muscle that runs alongside the gastrocnemius muscle. When the plantaris muscle is torn (tears), a sudden, tearing pain is felt in the back of the leg, often when jumping forward. There is swelling and bruising on the back of the leg. It may be accompanied by calf cramps.